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Density matrix question

  1. Apr 9, 2010 #1
    Thank you jensa.
    Last edited: Apr 9, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 9, 2010 #2
    Don't know where this expression comes from or why it is useful but it's quite simple to show that it is true. If the density matrix is normalized to unity then you should have [itex]\rho_{11}+\rho_{22}=1[/itex]. Then in your equation you just substitute [itex]1=(\rho_{11}+\rho_{22})^2[/itex] so that you get [itex](\rho_{11}+\rho_{22})^2-(\rho_{11}-\rho_{22})^2=4\rho_{11}\rho_{22}[/itex]
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