# Homework Help: Designing of a steam power plant

1. May 10, 2012

### wantedstudent

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

electric power = one million kW
working fluid = steam
maximum steam temperature = 550°C
river mean speed = 10m/min
river,8m deep,60 meter wide

2. Relevant equations

It is proposed to build a one million kW electric power plant with steam as the working fluid. The condensers are to be cooled with river water (see figure below). The maximum steam temperature will be 550°C. As an engineering consultant, you are to convince the authorities that the discharge to the river will not be harmful to the environment.

3. The attempt at a solution
this question may have several answer

#### Attached Files:

• ###### mini_group_project-SME1413.doc
File size:
249 KB
Views:
94
2. May 10, 2012

### rock.freak667

Well what is the range of temperatures can the heated water enter the river again at? (35C? Also what the exit condition of the steam turbine? Vacuum/Back pressure? If so you will need that pressure condition.

3. May 11, 2012

### rude man

Initial assumptions:
1. Carnot efficiency
2. River entering temperature Tin

Then:
1st equation: 1st law expressed in time-derivative form
2nd equation: 2nd law expressed in time-derivative form
Third equation: temperature buildup of river water as function of dm/dt, c and dQ2/dt where dQ2/dt is rate of expelled heat into river, dm/dt = rate of water mass flow, c = water specific heat, J/C-kg.

So: 3 knowns: dW/dt = 1 MW, T1 = 550C, Tin
3 unknowns: dQ1/dt, dQ2/dt, ΔT
where dQ1/dt = heat rate into system and ΔT = Tout - Tin = temperature rise of river water.

Assume T2, the effective lower temperature in the Carnot cycle, is halfway between Tin and Tout, i.e. T2 = (Tin + Tout)/2.

Finally, you must do some research to find what the typical steam-generated electric plant mechanical efficiency is beyond the Carnot efficiency.

4. May 11, 2012

### wantedstudent

the the range of temperatures is 6c that is between 32-38c
thanks guys...i will try to finish it up.