# Determining whether Rω is connected in uniform topology

In summary, the author is trying to show that there is a subset of Rω, different from Rω and non empty, which is both open and closed. He is not sure about the last part of the proof.
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## Homework Statement

As the title suggests. Rω is the space of all infinite sequences of real numbers.

The uniform topology is induced by the uniform metric, which is, on Rω, given with:

d(x, y) = sup{min{|xi - yi|, 1} : i is a positive integer}

## The Attempt at a Solution

I am trying to show that there is a subset of Rω, different from Rω and non empty, which is both open and closed to conclude that Rω is not connected in the uniform topology.

Let A be the set of all bounded infinite sequence of real numbers, and let x be an element of A. Then, for every integer i, xi <= M, where M is some real number.

To show that a is open in this topology, for any x from A there must exist some ε > 0 such that Bd(x, ε) is contained in A.

A point y is in Bd(x, ε) if sup{min{|xi - yi|, 1}} < ε. One must find an ε > 0 such that yi is a bounded sequence too, i.e. that the relation above implies that yi is bounded.

Now, let's take ε = 1. This implies that there is no i such that |xi - yi| >= 1, since if |xi - yi| would be equal or greater to 1 for some i, the supremum would equal 1. So, |xi - yi| < 1, for every i. If this is true, for any i yi must lie in the interval <xi - 1, xi + 1>. Since xi is bounded by M, it follows that yi is bounded by M + 1. Hence, A is open.

Now let's look at its complement, Rω\A, the set of all unbounded infinite sequences of real numbers. If we manage to show it's open, it follows that A is closed, i.e. clopen, and the problem is solved.

Let x be an unbounded sequence. One must find some ε > 0 such that Bd(x, ε) is contained in Rω\A. If ε = 1 again, and if xi is unbounded (so, for every real number a some xi such that xi > a), and if y is in Bd(x, ε), again for any i yi must lie in the interval <xi - 1, xi + 1>. Let a be a real number. Since there exists some xi such that xi > a, and since for xi + 2 there too exists some xj such that xj > xi + 2, and since for j yj must lie in <xj - 1, xj + 1>, we conclude that yj is greater than a. Hence, y is unbounded.

I'm really not sure about this last part, I hope at least I'll make someone laugh out loud if I wrote something stupid. :)

Thanks, and sorry it this is too long and tiring, but I tried to be precise.

Btw, just a note: the reason I chose the xj such that xj > xi + 2 is to make sure that yj lies in an interval separated from the original xi, since we don't know where yi lies in <xi - 1, xi + 1>, and we don't know where exactly a lies (in the interval or not). So, this way yj will be greater than a for sure.

I just found that the concept of the solution is correct - but the proof I found doesn't describe in detail why the sequenced containes in the open balls of radius 1 are bounded/unbounded, so I'd like a confirmation if my reasoning above is correct.

## 1. What is Rω?

Rω, also known as the infinite ordinal space, is a topological space constructed from the set of natural numbers with the order topology.

## 2. What is the uniform topology?

The uniform topology is a topology defined on a set which assigns neighborhoods to each point in the set. In this topology, a set is considered open if it contains a neighborhood of each of its points.

## 3. How is connectivity determined in uniform topology?

In uniform topology, a topological space is connected if it cannot be divided into two non-empty open sets. To determine connectivity, we can check if the subspace Rω has a non-empty intersection with every non-empty open set.

## 4. What is the significance of determining connectivity in uniform topology?

Determining connectivity in uniform topology allows us to understand the structure and properties of Rω. It also helps in studying the separation properties and connectedness of other topological spaces.

## 5. Are there any applications of determining connectivity in uniform topology?

Yes, determining connectivity in uniform topology has applications in various fields such as computer science, physics, and engineering. It can help in analyzing networks, understanding the behavior of physical systems, and designing efficient algorithms.

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