# Electrical dc shunt resistace question

• oxon88
In summary, the meter would be able to read a maximum of 1 mA and has a resistance of 0.1 Ω. If the shunt is made of copper and has a cross-cectional area of 25cm2 calculate its required length.
oxon88

## Homework Statement

A meter is shunted by a parallel resistance.

a) Determine the required value of the shunt resistance if the maximum value of the current I, is 200A. The meter can read a maximum of 1 mA and has a resistance of 0.1 Ω.

b) If the shunt is made of copper and has a cross-cectional area of 25cm2 calculate its required length.

(for copper take ρ as 1.7x10-8Ωm

ohms law (V=I.R)

R = ρ.(l/A)

## The Attempt at a Solution

a)

full scale voltage = 0.001 * 0.1 = 0.0001 v

shunt resistance Rshunt = 0.0001/200 = 0.5x10-6Ω

Rshunt = 0.5 mΩb)

0.5x10-6 = (1.7x10-8) * ( l / 0.252)

(0.5x10-6 / 1.7x10-8) * 0.252 = ll = 1.83824 cm
does any of this look right? Thanks.

The cross sectional area of the shunt is already given in cm2. You don't want to square it.

Everything else looks okay for the required accuracy.

ok great so is this correct?

0.5x10-6 = (1.7x10-8) * ( l / 0.25)

(0.5x10-6 / 1.7x10-8) * 0.25 = l

l = 7.353 cm

oxon88 said:
ok great so is this correct?

0.5x10-6 = (1.7x10-8) * ( l / 0.25)

(0.5x10-6 / 1.7x10-8) * 0.25 = l

l = 7.353 cm

Looks good.

I think you should double check your area units. An area of 25cm^2 is 0.0025m^2.
the resistivity is given in ohm.m
Are you certain you have been given the cross sectional area as 25cm^2 ?
This is a very large area, even for a shunt resistor
Also, you have written R = 0.5m.ohms it should be micro.ohms...does not affect your calculation though.

Last edited:
technician said:
I think you should double check your area units. An area of 25cm^2 is 0.0025m^2.
the resistivity is given in ohm.m
Are you certain you have been given the cross sectional area as 25cm^2 ?
This is a very large area, even for a shunt resistor
Also, you have written R = 0.5m.ohms it should be micro.ohms...does not affect your calculation though.

yes the question states a cross sectional area of 25 cm2

Does this look better?

0.5x10-6 = (1.7x10-8) * ( l / 0.0025)

(0.5x10-6 / 1.7x10-8) * 0.0025 = l

l = 0.7353 mm

I would say this question does not make sense and is completely unrealistic.
A shunt resistor 0.7mm LONG!
I would check the source of the question and double double check the numerical information.
There is nothing wrong with your method !

technician said:
I would say this question does not make sense and is completely unrealistic.
A shunt resistor 0.7mm LONG!
I would check the source of the question and double double check the numerical information.
There is nothing wrong with your method !

I'd say it's plausible: A shunt in the form of a disk clamped in a holder, lots of area for heat dissipation to avoid resistance changes at high currents. Minimal linear expansion for the holder to deal with. To alter the meter's range just swap in the appropriate disk.

I still don't believe it!
A 0.7mm thick sheet fitted in clamps connected somehow to the terminals of a 1mA movement. Won't the clamps be part of the shunt?
Has anyone ever met such a thing?
I think there is something wrong with the wording of the original question

technician said:
I still don't believe it!
A 0.7mm thick sheet fitted in clamps connected somehow to the terminals of a 1mA movement. Won't the clamps be part of the shunt?
Has anyone ever met such a thing?
I think there is something wrong with the wording of the original question

The clamps only require bulky connections to the cable carrying the 200A. The 1mA to the meter movement (which could be located some distance away from the 'tap') can be carried by lightweight wiring.

The calculation should be double checked... The answer is not 0.7mm
There is nothing wrong with your method...check the calculation

Is the answer 7.353 cm or 7.353 m?

I got 7.3cm
The answers previously given were a mixture of wrong units

## 1. What is the purpose of a dc shunt resistor?

A dc shunt resistor is used to measure or control electrical current in a circuit. It is connected in parallel with other components to divert a portion of the current away from them, allowing for accurate measurement or regulation of current flow.

## 2. How does a dc shunt resistor work?

A dc shunt resistor works by creating a parallel path for the current to flow through. This diversion of current creates a voltage drop across the resistor, which can then be measured or used to regulate the current flow.

## 3. What is the difference between a dc shunt resistor and a regular resistor?

A dc shunt resistor is specifically designed to be used in parallel with other components in a circuit to measure or regulate current flow. Regular resistors can be used in various configurations within a circuit for different purposes.

## 4. How do I calculate the resistance value for a dc shunt resistor?

The resistance value of a dc shunt resistor can be calculated using Ohm's Law (R=V/I), where R is resistance in ohms, V is the voltage drop across the resistor, and I is the desired current flow. The resistance value can also be determined using the shunt resistor's specified current and voltage ratings.

## 5. Can a dc shunt resistor be used in AC circuits?

No, a dc shunt resistor is designed for use in direct current (DC) circuits only. In alternating current (AC) circuits, the resistance value of a shunt resistor would constantly change due to the constantly changing direction of current flow.

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