Electron accelerator build

  1. How strong of a magnetic field do I need to get a 20kv @ 60ma beam around a 90° turn? / Do I need more information to find out?
  2. jcsd
  3. Baluncore

    Baluncore 3,305
    Science Advisor

    The electrons go around the corner independently. They will need to travel 90° around a circular path. How much time do you have? What radius do you require?

    You will need to determine the dimension of the poles of your magnet. The poles will need to be big enough to enclose the electron beam during the turn, yet small enough to have a high field.

    The optimum solution may be to have several magnets along the path. That may explain why accelerators are usually circular.

    Last edited: Aug 20, 2014
  4. First you need to know the speed of the electrons. Applying a voltage to a free moving electron will impart kinetic energy to it.

    E = V * e = 20kV * 1.6*10^-19 = 3.2*10^-15

    and 1/2 * m v^2 = E

    so v = (E*2/ m)^0.5 = 8.4*10^7 m/s

    Note that I didn't factor in relativity. I'll leave that for you to figure out.

    Now you can pick a radius of curvature that you would like, the centripetal force needed for that curvature, and the magnetic field needed to achieve that force from Lorentz's force law and the speed of the electron in your experiment.
  5. Hey thanks you guys, and sorry if that sounded like I wanted you guys to do my homework. It really wasn't meant that way. Thanks for the equations. :)

    And Baluncore, I have as much time as it takes!
    Last edited: Aug 21, 2014
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