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Experimental physics - simplified compound pendulum formula

  1. Jan 28, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    We've been given an assignment to work out a formula for the period time of a compound pendulum. This is right in the beginning of an introductory physics course which means we haven't covered inertia or torque yet. So we're just supposed to find an approximate relation between the period and stuff we are "supposed to" know.

    To help us, we have a big, assymetric metal plate with holes drilled in various places for pivoting, and some measuring instruments.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    We did some measurements etc and found that the distance from the center of mass to the pivot point was to be our sole independent variable (for small angles, the amplitude had no impact).

    When plotting the distance to the pivot and the period time, we found that it did not follow a traditional mathematical pendulum behaviour. The periodicity had a global minimum (at r = ~0.3m).

    Some speculation and theorizing led us to the conclusion that as r tends to infinity, our function should tend to a mathematical pendulum, so we're probably looking for something like

    [itex]2pi\sqrt{r/g} + a/r^{b}[/itex]

    Where a, b are positive real numbers.

    We were now hinted to use log linearization to find b. Here's the problem though... I don't really understand how to do it when I have multiple terms on one side of the equation. Can anyone give me a clue?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 28, 2013 #2

    rollingstein

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    Would Dimensional Analysis help?
     
  4. Jan 28, 2013 #3
    I don't think it would, we're not trying to figure out which variables to use, just what exponent to raise it to and what constant to multiply it with.
     
  5. Jan 28, 2013 #4

    rollingstein

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    I was questioning the form of your second term. How should it have units of time unless you want dimensional constants but that's messy?
     
  6. Jan 28, 2013 #5

    rollingstein

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    As r tends to ∞ doesn't your first term tend to ∞ too?
     
  7. Jan 28, 2013 #6
    Yes, the first term tends to inf while the second term tends to zero, i.e. term one plus term two tends to term one.
     
  8. Jan 28, 2013 #7
    We'll deal with that later.
     
  9. Jan 28, 2013 #8
  10. Jan 28, 2013 #9

    rollingstein

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    [itex]T=2pi\sqrt{r/g} + a/r^{b}[/itex]

    [itex]T - ( 2pi\sqrt{r/g} )= a/r^{b}[/itex]

    [itex]ln ( T - ( 2pi\sqrt{r/g} ) )= ln(a) - b* ln(r) [/itex]

    Plot [itex]ln ( T - ( 2pi\sqrt{r/g} ) ) [/itex] versus ln(r) and use the slope and intercept?
     
  11. Jan 28, 2013 #10

    rollingstein

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    I'd just do a nonlinear numerical fit myself. Linearizing and plotting is a bit passe. :tongue2:
     
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