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Find the distance from the source of power

  • #1

Homework Statement


A point source power outputs a power of 100 W. If a decibel reading of 118 dB is heard, what is the distance to the observer.


Homework Equations


I = P/(4*pi*r^2)



The Attempt at a Solution


This should be simple, but for some reason my numbers aren't matching up.

First I converted 118 dB to an intensity of .6309 w/m^2 Then I plug it back into the equation and solve for r which comes out to be 4.471 meters.

So then to check it I put the 4.471 m back into the equation to see if it equals my intensity which it doesn't. I'm not sure where I went wrong on this one. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
2,685
20
What are you using to convert dB to intensity? Are you using the log function correctly?
 
  • #3
Yes, I think so. 118 = 10 log (I/Io) Io = 10^(-12) so,
118 = 10 log (I/10^(-12))
11.8 = log (I/10^(-12))
10^(11.8) = (I/10^(-12)
I = 0.6309 w/m^2
Is that correct?
 
  • #4
2,685
20
Yes, I think so. 118 = 10 log (I/Io) Io = 10^(-12) so,
118 = 10 log (I/10^(-12))
11.8 = log (I/10^(-12))
10^(11.8) = (I/10^(-12)
I = 0.6309 w/m^2
Is that correct?
Sorry, that seems fine. Read it wrong the first time.
 
  • #5
2,685
20
Right, gone through it properly I get r = 3.55m.

Your values are correct, check how you re-arrange your equation.

I = P / (4*pi*r2)

(4*pi*r2) = P / I

r2 = ((P / I) / 4*pi)

r = sqrt( (P/I) / 4*pi )
 
  • #6
omg, I feel so dumb lol yeah that's where I messed up. Instead of (P/I)/(4*pi) I did (P/I*4*pi). Thank you for your help :)
 

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