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Finding a basis for vector spaces

  1. Apr 10, 2008 #1
    I'm having trouble finding a basis for algebraically defined vector spaces where there is more than one condition. For instance, I can easily find a basis for the vector space in R^3 defined by a+2b+3c=0 (where a,b,c are the elements of the vector), but I have no idea what to do when the vector space is defined by something like a-b-c=0 & 2a+3b+8c=0.

    For the first example I would write that every vector in the space has to be of the form (-2b-3c, b, c) = b(-2,1,0) + c(-3,0,1), so a basis for the vector space would be {(-2,1,0),(-3,0,1)}. I have no idea what to do for the second example.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 10, 2008 #2

    Dick

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    You got to (-2b-3c, b, c) by just algebraically eliminating a. Now b and c are free variables. For the second case do the same thing, but eliminate two variables. So the result is, say, (k1*c,k2*c,k3*c). Then the basis is {(k1,k2,k3)}.
     
  4. Apr 11, 2008 #3

    HallsofIvy

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    Dang! I wrote out a brilliant explanation, then went back and read Dick's. His was better!
     
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