First law of thermodynamics applied to Compression and Expansion

  • Thread starter hms.tech
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  • #1
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How does the first law of thermodynamics apply to the Compression And expansion of a gas at constant temperature ?

If the gas is at a constant temperature and is being compressed, then
ΔQ = 0
ΔU = +
W(on the system) = +


Are those(^^) correct ?

The equation being :
ΔU = ΔQ + W(on the system)
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
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Compression or expansion at constant temperature means heat is extracted or added.
 
  • #3
nasu
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At constant temperature ΔQ is not zero. ΔU is zero, for ideal gas.
 
  • #4
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At constant temperature ΔQ is not zero. ΔU is zero, for ideal gas.
would u explain "why" ?
 
  • #5
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would u explain "why" ?
Originally this was an experimental fact about gasses. Nowadays there is maths to back it up, and we know that it only applies to ideal or perfect gasses.




http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/JouleExperimentOnFreeExpansion/

If you can cope with the maths google has lots on the Joule experiment and the Joule-Thompson experiment.

If not you can take it as a definition of a perfect gas.

The internal energy of a perfect gas depends only on its temperature.
 

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