# Fourier series

## Main Question or Discussion Point

In fourier series we have small waves on the top of big waves (the function seems like that),
but the small waves do not have the same amplitude. Does somebody know how to get a function with waves and small waves on the top but with the same amplitude.

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Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
What is the definition of a small wave if it doesn't have anything to do with amplitude?

Can you see now, small waves on the top of big wave are not the same (equal amplitude)
{click on the picture to see it better}

#### Attachments

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S_Happens
Gold Member
If you're talking about the changing amplitude of the Fourier Series approximation then the answer is that you really can't. Due to the Gibbs Phenomenon, you'll have an overshoot at any discontinuity, of which the amplitude doesn't diminish.

Do you know how to get a function (any kind of function) with "small" waves on the top of "big" waves, but for the same amplitude of all small waves?

Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Last edited:
HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
The Fourier series is of the form
$$\sum A_n cos(nx)+ B_n sin(nx)$$

It looks to me like your series happens to have only two non-zero terms, one with a period of about 6 and amplitude 3000, the other with period about .6 and amplitude about 100. In other words, something like
$$3000 cos(2\pi x/60)+ 100 cos(10(2\pi/60))$$

The Fourier series is of the form
$$\sum A_n cos(nx)+ B_n sin(nx)$$

It looks to me like your series happens to have only two non-zero terms, one with a period of about 6 and amplitude 3000, the other with period about .6 and amplitude about 100. In other words, something like
$$3000 cos(2\pi x/60)+ 100 cos(10(2\pi/60))$$
-Your function is not like on the atachment,
do you have better idea?

Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus