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B Having real problems with working out scales for graphs

  1. Dec 31, 2016 #1
    I have no clue what i'm supposed to do with the scales for my graphs. I am an AS level student and in the practical paper we're asked to draw a graph using our readings. The marking scheme has this to say:
    I have no idea what they mean by awkward scales and what not, what i usually do to decide the scale is (largest value - smallest value)/(number of squares), is that wrong?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 31, 2016 #2

    jtbell

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    Staff: Mentor

    To me it means a scale that doesn't include powers of 10. I generally use scales in which the units are multiples of 1, 2 or 5:

    1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ...
    2, 4, 6, 8, 10, ...
    5, 10, 15, 20, 25, ...
    10, 20, 30, 40, 50, ...
    20, 40, 60, 80, 100, ...

    I would not use scales like

    3, 6, 9, 12, 15, ...
    7, 14, 21, 28, 35, ...
    2.3, 4.6, 6.9, 9.1, 11.4, ...

    which would never include 10 or 100 or 1000, etc.

    I would take the result of your formula and round it upward to the next number in the following sequence: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, ...

    So if you have smallest = 130.2, smallest = 46.3, number of squares = 20, then your formula gives 4.195, which I would round up to 5. This gives a scale of

    45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 95, 100, 105, 110, 115, 120, 125, 130, 135

    which actually requires only 18 squares to accommodate your data, so I might add one square at the beginning and at the end, with the scale running from 40 to 140.
     
  4. Dec 31, 2016 #3
    Thank you so much!
     
  5. Dec 31, 2016 #4

    Merlin3189

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    Gold Member

    JTBell has given the specifics.
    But what I would say is, don't look on these as arbitrary rules. Think about why they suggest these "rules".
    Apart from general shape, which might be apparent even without scale markings (so long as the nature of the scale was indicated), one often wants to take readings from the graph. Say you wanted to read a point 4/5th of the way (because that's the sort of rulings on graph paper) between scale markings, see how easy or difficult it is with JTB's good and bad example scales.

    As a rider, I always used to get very irritated by students who drew graphs for no good reason, other than they hoped it might earn marks and required little effort or thought on their part, since they had software that did it for them. If you draw a graph for a purpose, then it is usually fairly clear how to do it to best achieve your objective, irrespective of any "rules". Those guidelines seem to be simply an arbitrary low bar, below which one can reasonably say the graph is not serving it's purpose well enough.
     
  6. Dec 31, 2016 #5
    I didn't realise drawing graphs by hand is still assessable??
     
  7. Jan 1, 2017 #6

    phinds

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    Gold Member
    2016 Award

    Why would it be any less assessable now than it has ever been?
     
  8. Jan 1, 2017 #7
    I started a thread on it, don't want to derail this one.
     
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