1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Explaining alternating current is simple as the direction of current will change accordingly. For example: a magnet is pushed through a solenoid. Explain why is there an induced alternating current. As it is pushed forward, the solenoid experiences an increase in magnetic flux linkage. Thus by faradays law there is an induced emf across the solenoid. In order to oppose the increase in magnetic field, by Lenz law there is an induced current flowing towards the right. In the middle of the solenoid, there is no change in magnetic flux linkage so there is no induced emf and hence current. When the magnet leaves the solenod, the solenoid experiences a decrease in magnetic field. Hence, in order to oppose the decrease in magnetic field by Lenz law there is an induced current flowing to the left. Thus there is an alternating current when the magnet is pushed through. However, in a question they showed a turbine with magnets on them which turn around. On the side is a solenoid. And they asked us why would there be an alternating emf. 2. Relevant equations nil 3. The attempt at a solution I'm not sure how to explain this. Do I start with Lenz law? Thanks for the help!