Lens can focus the light to a smaller spot by ...?? I learn that increase of the beam size of the laser before coupling it to the fiber can increase the coupling efficiency of it. Can I know why is this so? Maybe the fiber is of very small diameter, and the focal lens in front of the fiber can't focus all the laser to this small diameter. But I don't understand how increase the diameter of the laser can make the focal lens to focus to a smaller spot??