# Number of prime factors

## Main Question or Discussion Point

Is there a function f(x) that will give the average number of prime factors for x_1 0<x_1<x, in a way similar to the way that Li(x)/x gives the approximate odds that a number from 0 to x is prime?

Related Linear and Abstract Algebra News on Phys.org
CRGreathouse
Homework Helper
log log x.

I tried that for x = 1000, 10,000, 100,000, and it did not work for any of them.
I got the number of factors for 1000 to be 2.87 on average, 3.19 for 10,000, and 3.43 for 100,000
Did I do something wrong?

CRGreathouse
Homework Helper
There's a constant factor which depends on what you mean by "prime factor". From your numbers I take it you're counting indistinct prime factors, in which case the constant is 1.03465388....

It predicts an average of (2.97, 3.25, 3.48) versus your calculated (2.87, 3.19, 3.43). It will get more accurate as the numbers involved increase. For example, I calculated http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/A071811 [Broken](9) = 4044220058, which compares favorably to the predicted 4065910904.

It should be possible to work out a second-order term (which would be negative) to correct for the presence of small numbers, if you care about that kind of precision.

Last edited by a moderator:
where would the constant go?

CRGreathouse
Homework Helper
where would the constant go?
Expected number of prime factors per number up to x = 1.03465388... + log log x.

how did you arrive at this constant?

CRGreathouse