# Origin of Charge: Explained by Modern Physics

• eifphysics

#### eifphysics

Higgs Field theory successful explains the origin of mass. Like mass, charge is also a fundamental property of particles, it is similar to mass in many ways, like quantized, electrical force vs gravitational force. So, I wonder what is the origin of charge, how much understanding modern physics has on this problem?

The origin of charge is the U1 gauge symmetry.

## 1. What is the origin of electric charge?

The origin of electric charge is still a mystery in modern physics. However, most scientists believe that electric charge is a fundamental property of matter, meaning it is not composed of smaller parts and cannot be broken down any further. It is also believed that electric charge is a result of the interaction between particles such as protons and electrons.

## 2. How is electric charge measured?

Electric charge is measured in units called coulombs (C). This unit is defined as the amount of charge that passes through a point in a conductor when a current of one ampere (A) flows for one second (s). Electric charge can also be measured using a device called an electrometer, which measures the presence and amount of charge on an object.

## 3. Can the amount of electric charge on an object change?

Yes, the amount of electric charge on an object can change. This process is known as charging and can occur through various methods, such as friction, contact, or induction. When an object gains or loses electrons, its electric charge changes. However, the total amount of charge in a closed system remains constant according to the law of conservation of charge.

## 4. What is the difference between positive and negative charges?

Positive and negative charges are two types of electric charges. Positive charges are carried by protons, while negative charges are carried by electrons. These charges behave differently when in the presence of each other. Positive charges repel each other, while negative charges repel each other as well. However, positive and negative charges attract each other, creating an electric force.

## 5. How does the concept of electric charge relate to other fundamental forces?

Electric charge is one of the four fundamental forces in nature, along with gravity, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force. These forces are responsible for the interactions between particles in the universe. Electric charge plays a crucial role in electromagnetism, which is the force responsible for the behavior of charged particles and the creation of electric and magnetic fields.