Hello everyone, I am new to this forum and this is my first post. I have an old generator that I have been working on. It is a rotating-armature 3-phase generator with a commutator. I tore everything off of the shaft because there was a short somewhere and I planned to remake the generator myself for a little learning experience. The stator electromagnet seemed fine when I plugged it into a battery, so I left them alone. Then I drilled 12 holes in the shaft. I did this so there would be six "poles" to wrap wire around. I would then use the six poles to make three separate windings. Anyways, I got the bolts glued into the holes at the perfect amount of length, they are very close to touching the electromagnet, but they never actually do. Just for a test run, I took a 60ft roll of 16awg wire and wrapped it around two bolts approximately 50-100 turns. I didn't count. I rigged up some slip rings and soldered the connections there, used a multimeter and it fluctuated between 0.01 to 0.14V. This sounds very wrong because the original wire that was wound was 12awg and I would say it had approximately the same amount of turns. I found a transformer in the circuit and tested it out. I put a 120VAC connection on it in series with a light bulb(so it wouldn't short circuit) and it returned 0.07V with the leads one way, I then reversed the leads on the voltmeter and it showed 0.01-0.03V. Anyways, that's a little background on my story. Here are some minor questions I have now. I would appreciate if you guys could help out. Why do I get different voltages when I switch the leads with the voltmeter? Wouldn't that much of a jump in voltage greatly decrease the current? Whenever I diagnosed it in the beginning, the commutator outputted 1V and it is supposed to be 20V. I know transformers wont work with DC, so how does that jump up? Do most generators use a transformer to get to 120VAC or 240VAC? I would think they would just wind the amount of turns needed.