Question about static friction adjusting itself

  • #1
373
3
incline_wpulley.gif

In a situation like this, there are two equilibrium's,
For just about to accelerate downwards:
mgsinθ - Ffriction - T = 0
For just about to accelerate upwards:
T - Ffriction - mgsinθ = 0

Is there a situation where there is no static friction i.e. when
mgsinθ = T?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
PhanthomJay
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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Sure. For the equilibrium condition with or without friction, T is always equal to Mg. The m/M ratio is key.
 
  • #3
A.T.
Science Advisor
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2,492
incline_wpulley.gif

In a situation like this, there are two equilibrium's,
For just about to accelerate downwards:
mgsinθ - Ffriction - T = 0
For just about to accelerate upwards:
T - Ffriction - mgsinθ = 0
This are the limiting cases. There are infinitely many equilibriums in between.
 
  • #4
183
15
Is there a situation where there is no static friction i.e. when
mgsinθ = T?
if m>M
first set angle to 0
then increase angle by tiny amounts and after each increase reset the system to original condition( ie bodies at rest) and check if mass 'm' is at rest
let x = 1st angle at which equilibrium is achieved (body just about to accelerate down)
on further increase , for a small interval of angle , system will stay at rest
let y = 1st angle at which system again starts moving (body just about to accelerate up)
note that on increasing angle above x , tendency of m to go down decreases and to go up increases
on decreasing angle below y , tendency of m to go down increases and to go up decreases
so there must be an angle bet x and y at which both tendency balanced so no static friction needed for equilibrium
 

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