# Solve RC Circuit Using Laplace Transforms

1. Dec 30, 2007

### photonsquared

Find v(t) at t=800ms for the circuit in Figure 1.

Ans: 802mV

Writing a single node equation we have

$$\frac{v(t)-2tu(t)}{5}+0.1\frac{dv}{dt}=0.$$

Taking the Laplace transform we have

$$L\left\{ \frac{v(t)-2tu(t)}{5}+0.1\frac{dv}{dt}=0\right\} .$$

$$tu(t)\Rightarrow\frac{1}{s^{2}}$$

$$\frac{df}{dt}\Rightarrow sF(s)-f(0^{-})$$

$$\frac{V(s)}{5}-\frac{2}{5s^{2}}+0.1sV(s)-0.1v(0^{-})=0$$

Assume that $$v(0^{-})=0$$ we have

$$\frac{V(s)}{5}-\frac{2}{5s^{2}}+0.1sV(s)=0$$

multiplying through by 10 and combing like terms

$$V(s)\left(2+s\right)=\frac{4}{s^{2}}$$

Solving for V(s) we have

$$V(s)=\frac{4}{s^{2}(s+2)}$$

Applying the method of residues we have

$$\frac{4}{s^{2}(s+2)}=\frac{A}{s^{2}}+\frac{B}{s+2}$$

Multiplying throught by $$s^{2}$$ we have

$$\frac{4}{s+2}=A+\frac{Bs^{2}}{s+2}$$

$$A=\frac{4-Bs^{2}}{s+2}\mid_{s=0}=2$$

Multiplying through by s+2 we have

$$\frac{4}{s^{2}}=\frac{A(s+2)}{s^{2}}+B$$

$$B=\frac{4-A(s+2)}{s^{2}}\mid_{s=-2}=1$$

Substituting A and B back into the equation we have

$$V(s)=\frac{2}{s^{2}}+\frac{1}{s+2}$$

Applying the known Laplace transform pairs we have

$$v(t)=2t+e^{-2t}$$

$$v(800ms)=2(0.8)+e^{-2(0.8s)}=1.802V$$
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

#### Attached Files:

• ###### egr 251 pp14.12 Figure 1.pdf
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2. Dec 30, 2007

### user101

I haven't checked all the details, but you seem to have the right idea.

What is the question?

3. Dec 30, 2007

### photonsquared

Well my answer is different from that given in the book. My answer is too high by 1V.

4. Jan 8, 2008

### CEL

Your partial fraction expansion is wrong. You should have:

$$\frac{4}{s^{2}(s+2)}=\frac{A}{s^{2}}+\frac{C}{s}+\frac{B}{s+2}$$
Using the residues you have A = 2 and B = 1 as you have found.
Rewrite the second member with the common denominator and equate the numerator to 4.
You will find C = -1. This is what you need to find the correct answer.

5. Jan 13, 2008

### photonsquared

Thanks for not giving up on my question.

Kevin