Spring constant of molecule

  • Thread starter bastige
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


A molecule of DNA lies along a straight line. It is 1.12 μm long. The ends of the molecule become singly ionized; negative on one end, positive on the other. The helical molecule acts as a spring and compresses .4% upon becoming charged.
The Coulomb constant is 8.99 X 109 N*m2/C2.
Determine the effective spring constant of the molecule. Take into account the compressed length when calculating the distance between the ends of the molecule. Answer in units N/m.


Homework Equations


Fe= ke * ( q1q2 / d^2 )



The Attempt at a Solution


d = 1.2*10-6 - (1.2*10-6 * .004) = 1.1952 μm
Fe = ke * ( q1q2 / d2 ) = (8.99*109) * (( 1.6*10-19 )2) / (1.1952*10-6)2 = 2014 N
Fs = kx
x = d
Fe = Fs ---> 2014 = (1.1952*10-6) k ---> k = 1.685*109 N/m
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Doc Al
Mentor
45,175
1,492
d = 1.2*10-6 - (1.2*10-6 * .004) = 1.1952 μm
Is the distance 1.2 or 1.12 μm?
Fe = ke * ( q1q2 / d2 ) = (8.99*109) * (( 1.6*10-19 )2) / (1.1952*10-6)2 = 2014 N
Fs = kx
x = d
Fe = Fs ---> 2014 = (1.1952*10-6) k ---> k = 1.685*109 N/m
In Hooke's law (F = kx), x is the amount of compression from the uncompressed/unstretched position. So x does not equal d!
 
  • #3
15
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distance is 1.12μm , so
d=(1.12E-9) - (1.2E-9 * .004) =1.11552E-9

& i totally butchered the rest. I'm not sure what its supposed to look like
Fe=8.99E+9 * ????? / 1.11552E-9

Then
Fs=kx
Fs*x =K
 
  • #4
Doc Al
Mentor
45,175
1,492
distance is 1.12μm , so
d=(1.12E-9) - (1.2E-9 * .004) =1.11552E-9
Good.

& i totally butchered the rest. I'm not sure what its supposed to look like
Fe=8.99E+9 * ????? / 1.11552E-9
You had the right idea before:
[tex]F_e = k_e q^2/d^2[/tex]

Then
Fs=kx
Fs*x =K
F = kx
so, k = F/x.

What's x? (By what distance is the "spring" compressed?)
 
  • #5
Is the distance 1.2 or 1.12 μm?

In Hooke's law (F = kx), x is the amount of compression from the uncompressed/unstretched position. So x does not equal d!

This guy is right. x does not equal d. x equals (1.12 μm*.004)
 

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