# Surface area of Elliptic paraboloid

• tosik
In summary, the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid can be found by using a double integral and substituting the equations for x, y, and z into the formula for surface area. However, this results in an elliptic integral which is difficult to solve. If the base of the paraboloid is circular, the surface area can be simplified to a single integral. Otherwise, the surface area must be numerically computed using the given values for a, b, and c.
tosik

## Homework Statement

Given the elliptic paraboloid of height H and two semiaxes A and B. How to find its surface area?

## Homework Equations

x = A * sqrt(u) * cos(v)
y = B * sqrt(u) * sin(v)
z = u

u belongs to [0; H], v belongs to [0; 2*PI)

Formula No. 4 is even better...cant get any easier!

I think he means do a double integral chaps.

hunt_mat said:
I think he means do a double integral chaps.

Integrating the cross product of the two tangent vectors du*dv IS a double integral. What did you have in mind?

$$A=\int\int dxdy$$
But I guess you idea is better.

Dear tosik:

You have asked a very hard question. I have immersed myself in this problem for close to a month. Here's my conclusion:

There is no formula for the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid in algebraic form. (At least up to my research.) Using calculus, the resulting integral equation evaluates to elliptic integral which is very very very hard to solve. Mathematica seems to have an indigestion when I run it.

After changing variables and partial integration, the surface area of the elliptic paraboloid is given by the following integral:

(2 a b Sqrt[
2 c^2 b^2 + a^2 (2 c^2 + b^2) +
2 c^2 (-a^2 + b^2) Cos[2 \[Theta]]])/(
3 (a^2 + b^2 + (-a^2 + b^2) Cos[2 \[Theta]])) - (a^4 b^4)/(
3 (a^2 + b^2)^2 c^2 -
3 (a - b)^2 (a + b)^2 c^2 Cos[2 \[Theta]]^2) + (
a^3 b^3 Sqrt[
a^2 b^2 + 2 (a^2 + b^2) c^2 + 2 (-a^2 + b^2) c^2 Cos[2 \[Theta]]])/(
3 (a^2 + b^2)^2 c^2 - 3 (a - b)^2 (a + b)^2 c^2 Cos[2 \[Theta]]^2)

You can paste that in Mathematica and integrate with respect to Theta with limits of zero to 2 Pi.

In the above expression, a and b are the semi axes of the elliptic base of the paraboloid and c is its height.

Now if the the base is circular (a=b) the paraboloid is just a circular paraboloid (paraboloid of revolution) and the parabolic surface is given by:

\[Pi] (-a^4 + a (a^2 + 4 c^2)^(3/2))/(6 c^2)

The above expression is the result of the integral above if a is made equal to b. Notice that in the limit that c --> 0, the paraboloid has no height, the surface area will become the area for the circle. And the limit of the above expression evaluates to just that.

I have started out by saying that there is no algebraic form for the area of an elliptic paraboloid. This doesn't mean that we can't compute for the area of the parabolic surface of an elliptic paraboloid. We can use numerical method to compute for the area to arbitrary accuracy by supplying the values of a, b and c in the above integral.

Respectfully,

Jeruel R. Canales 3/8/2012

## 1. What is the formula for finding the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid?

The formula for finding the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid is A = 4πab, where a and b are the semi-major and semi-minor axes of the paraboloid.

## 2. Can the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid be calculated using integration?

Yes, the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid can be calculated using integration. The integral for finding the surface area is S = ∫√(1 + [f'(x)]^2 + [g'(x)]^2) dA, where f(x) and g(x) are the equations for the paraboloid in terms of x and y.

## 3. What is the difference between an elliptic paraboloid and a hyperbolic paraboloid?

An elliptic paraboloid is a 3-dimensional shape that resembles a shallow bowl or saucer, while a hyperbolic paraboloid resembles a saddle. The equations for these two shapes are also different, with the hyperbolic paraboloid having a negative sign in one of the variables.

## 4. How is the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid used in real life?

The surface area of an elliptic paraboloid is used in many real-life applications, such as architecture, engineering, and physics. It is used to calculate the surface area of objects with a curved shape, such as buildings, bridges, and satellite dishes.

## 5. Can the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid be negative?

No, the surface area of an elliptic paraboloid cannot be negative. Surface area is a measure of the total area of an object's surface, and it is always a positive value. If the calculated surface area for an elliptic paraboloid is negative, then there is an error in the calculation.

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