The surface of any liquid behave like a stretched membrane. Is it because of surface tension or all the possible forces acting on a liquid molecule at the surface? I asked this question because if the furface behaves stretched because of surface tension then it means that the forces making the surface stretched are only horizontal. Whereas if the surface if behaving like a stretched membrane because of all the forces on the molecule on the surface this means the forces going into the bulk of the liquid also make it stretched. I just can't imagine the latter situation as in if we have a streched bubble membrane. It is stretched because of all the horizontal forces appears good rather than stretched because of all forces because if all the forces pull it, won't the bubble membrane burst as there would be an excess downward force?( Since there is a net force on the molecule at the top of the membrane which tries to bring the molecule at the top into the bulk.) But since the bubble membrane doesn't burst it means that it gets stretched only by the horizontal forces?