1. PF Contest - Win "Conquering the Physics GRE" book! Click Here to Enter
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The Fourier Transform Thread

  1. Feb 5, 2013 #1
    I need more help understanding Fourier Transforms. I know that they transform a function from the time domain to the frequency domain and vice versa, but the short cuts to solve them just straight up confuse me.


    This list of relations makes sense, but it's so hard for me to apply this to actual functions for some reason... I'd almost rather just do the integrals.

    For example, every wave is of the form (except for the first exponential, which can always be different)

    f(t) = exp[-(t^2)/2]exp(i*w*t)

    The exp(i*w*t) part is the plane wave, correct? What is exp[-(t^2)/2] called? This term localizes the wave to keep it from being a plane wave, but I don't know what to call it.

    Do you take the fourier transform of the whole f(t), or just the localizing term?

    Can someone please help me clear this up?
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 5, 2013 #2
    Where are you getting this part from? I suspect you are misunderstanding something with this. Fourier transforms allow us to decompose a function into contributions of individual waves of the form

    [tex]F(\omega)e^{i\omega t}[/tex]

    [itex]F(\omega)[/itex] can be any function (well, practically any). A given function [itex]f(t)[/itex] determines [itex]F(\omega)[/itex] and vice versa.

    If you want to truly understand Fourier transforms, I recommend getting a good grasp of Fourier series first.
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Similar Threads - Fourier Transform Thread Date
I Diffraction Gratings design Feb 20, 2018
I Fourier transform and locality/uncertainty Jul 10, 2017
I Calculating Magnetic Field from FFT Amplitude Mar 10, 2017
I Understanding Fourier Transforms Oct 25, 2016