The vertical plane through a point and containing a vector.

In summary, to find a vertical plane that passes through a given point and has a given vector, you can take the cross product of the given vector and a vector in the plane, and then use the equation A(x - x0) + B(y - y0) + C(z - z0) to find the equation of the plane. Additionally, to find the vector function of the curve of intersection of the vertical plane and z=f(x,y), you can plug in the equation of the plane into the function and solve for the remaining variables.
  • #1
ArcadeEdge
9
0

Homework Statement


f(x,y) = x2 + y2
P(9,6)
v=<2,4,0>
1)Find a vertical plane that passes through the point P(9,6) and has the vector v=<2,4,0>
2)What is the vector function of the curve of intersection of the vertical plane and z=f(x,y)

Homework Equations


A(x - x0) + B(y - y0) + C(z - z0)

normal vector
n= <0,0,1>

given point and vector:
P(9,6)
v = < 2, 4 0>

The Attempt at a Solution



I tried plugging the give point and and the normal vector into A(x - x0) + B(y - y0) + C(z - z0)
and I got 3x+2y but that's not a vertical plane.

I also tried plugging in the point and the given vector and got x+2y-21 and that doesn't look right either.

I found the unit vector to be <1/√3 , 2/√3 , 0>. I'm not sure if I need to use that find the vertical plane.
 
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  • #2
ArcadeEdge said:

Homework Statement


f(x,y) = x2 + y2
P(9,6)
v=<2,4,0>
1)Find a vertical plane that passes through the point P(9,6) and has the vector v=<2,4,0>
A vertical plane implies three dimensions, so any point on it should have three coordinates. Is there a typo in P(9, 6)?
ArcadeEdge said:
2)What is the vector function of the curve of intersection of the vertical plane and z=f(x,y)

Homework Equations


A(x - x0) + B(y - y0) + C(z - z0)

normal vector
n= <0,0,1>

given point and vector:
P(9,6)
v = < 2, 4 0>

The Attempt at a Solution



I tried plugging the give point and and the normal vector into A(x - x0) + B(y - y0) + C(z - z0)
and I got 3x+2y but that's not a vertical plane.

I also tried plugging in the point and the given vector and got x+2y-21 and that doesn't look right either.

I found the unit vector to be <1/√3 , 2/√3 , 0>. I'm not sure if I need to use that find the vertical plane.
 
  • #3
okay, so the point would then be (9,6,0).
But where do I go from there?
 
  • #4
I hope you're drawing a sketch of this situation.

Draw the point P(9, 6, 0).
Put the tail of the vector u = <2, 4, 0> at P.
Since the plane is vertical, the vector v = <0, 0, 1> is in the plane (provided that we put the tail of this vector at P.

What operation can be applied to two vectors to get another vector that is perpendicular to both of the other vectors? That will be a normal to the plane. Once you know a normal to the plane and a point in the plane, you can get the equation of the plane pretty easily.
 
  • #5
Oh, I see. I was drawing the vector from the origin so I couldn't see how the point and the vector touched.

I take the cross product of <2,4,0> and <0,0,1> and get 4i - 2j to be a vector that is perpendicular.

And then to find the equation of this plane I can use the equation I had above.
I get 2x-y=2 or y=2x+2.

If I graph this, the plane will go through the origin, and be on the z-axis correct?
I'm using maple to graph it so I might be doing that wrong...
 
Last edited:
  • #6
And for question two, I plugged in y = 2x+2 into f(x,y).
so f(x,y)=z=5x2 + 8x + 4 and y = 2x+2.

So my vector function is <x, 2x+2, 5x2+8x+4>
can it also be written r(t) = <t, 2t+2, 5t2+8t+4> ?
 
  • #7
ArcadeEdge said:
Oh, I see. I was drawing the vector from the origin so I couldn't see how the point and the vector touched.

I take the cross product of <2,4,0> and <0,0,1> and get 4i - 2j to be a vector that is perpendicular.

And then to find the equation of this plane I can use the equation I had above.
I get 2x-y=2 or y=2x+2.
No, this isn't right. The point (9, 6, 0) is supposed to be on the plane, and so should be a solution of this equation, but it isn't.


ArcadeEdge said:
If I graph this, the plane will go through the origin, and be on the z-axis correct?
I'm using maple to graph it so I might be doing that wrong...
No, the plane doesn't go through the origin, and it doesn't include the z-axis.
 
  • #8
I need a vertical plane, so I'm trying to find a plane normal to, for example, z=1 right?
 
  • #9
Yes, the plane you're looking for will be normal to the plane z = 1 (or for that matter, the plane z = 0), but so what?

Fix the problems in post #6 and you should get a vector that is perpendicular to your plane. Once you have a normal to the plane and a point in the plane, it's straightforward to get the plane's equation.
 
  • #10
I think I got it now. If looking straight down on the xy-plane you get a straight line with a slope of 2. The equation of the straight line is 2x-y=12 which is also the equation of the plane.

And for question 2, I got the vector function to be r(t) = <t, 2t-12, 5t2 - 48t + 144>
 
  • #12
Thank you!
 

1. What is the definition of a vertical plane?

A vertical plane is a two-dimensional flat surface that is perpendicular to the ground or horizontal plane. It extends infinitely in both directions and is often represented as a line or cross-section in diagrams.

2. How is a vertical plane defined through a point?

A vertical plane through a point is a plane that contains the given point and is perpendicular to the ground or horizontal plane. This means that the point lies on the plane and any line drawn from the point to the ground will meet the plane at a right angle.

3. What is the significance of a vertical plane in vector analysis?

In vector analysis, a vertical plane is often used to represent the direction and magnitude of a vector. It helps visualize the orientation of the vector in relation to the ground or horizontal plane and can be useful in solving vector equations and problems.

4. How is a vector contained in a vertical plane?

A vector is said to be contained in a vertical plane if its direction is parallel to the plane and its tail or initial point lies on the plane. This means that the vector lies on the plane but does not necessarily intersect or cross it.

5. How can one find the equation of a vertical plane containing a given vector?

To find the equation of a vertical plane containing a given vector, one can use the vector's direction and a point known to be on the plane. Using the dot product or cross product, the equation can be written as a linear combination of the vector's components and constants.

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