- #1

Islam Nabil

- 14

- 1

How can i detect the thermal neutron, E = 0.025 Ev, by MCNP using CUToff Or PHYS:N cards?

You are using an out of date browser. It may not display this or other websites correctly.

You should upgrade or use an alternative browser.

You should upgrade or use an alternative browser.

In summary, to detect thermal neutrons with an energy of 0.025 Ev using MCNP, it is recommended to use an energy bin card for the tally. This will result in three tallies for different energy ranges, with the lowest being everything under half an eV. It should be noted that thermal neutrons are a distribution, so it is not expected to have neutrons at exactly 0.025 Ev. Therefore, it is necessary to include the cutoff or PHYS:N cards in the input file to handle the low energy bin. It is worth mentioning that while the traditional cutoff for photons and electrons is 1keV, there is no default low energy cutoff for neutrons. The ACE data tables traditionally have a lower energy

- #1

Islam Nabil

- 14

- 1

How can i detect the thermal neutron, E = 0.025 Ev, by MCNP using CUToff Or PHYS:N cards?

Engineering news on Phys.org

- #2

Alex A

Gold Member

- 283

- 191

F4:n 3

e4 5e-7 0.1 3 $ Energy bins

Results in 3 tallies for cell 3, everything under half an eV, everything between half an eV and 0.1MeV and everything between 0.1 and 3 MeV.

Don't expect any neutrons at exactly 0.025 of course, it's a distribution, so take the range you are calling thermal neutrons and put them into the energy bins.

- #3

Islam Nabil

- 14

- 1

No, the energy bins will be below the energy cutoff. 0.025 ev will not be detected. The cutoff or phys:n must be in the input file to handle the low energy bin E= 0.025evAlex A said:

F4:n 3

e4 5e-7 0.1 3 $ Energy bins

Results in 3 tallies for cell 3, everything under half an eV, everything between half an eV and 0.1MeV and everything between 0.1 and 3 MeV.

Don't expect any neutrons at exactly 0.025 of course, it's a distribution, so take the range you are calling thermal neutrons and put them into the energy bins.

- #4

Alex A

Gold Member

- 283

- 191

I understand the lower energy bound for the ACE data tables is traditionally ten micro eV. I don't know what the limits are for the newer tables.

If you are running an input file that isn't working we would be happy to look at it if you can share it, or a simplified input you can share with the same problem.

MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle) is a software package for simulating nuclear processes, including neutron, photon, electron, or coupled neutron/photon/electron transport. It uses Monte Carlo methods to solve the Boltzmann transport equation, which is essential for modeling how particles interact with materials. For thermal neutron detection, MCNP can simulate the interaction of neutrons with detector materials, helping to predict the response of the detector and optimize its design.

MCNP can model a variety of neutron detectors, including gas proportional counters (like He-3 and BF3 detectors), scintillation detectors (such as LiI(Eu) and ZnS(Ag) detectors), and solid-state detectors (like boron-coated semiconductors). The choice of detector depends on the specific application and desired sensitivity to thermal neutrons.

In MCNP, a thermal neutron source can be defined using the SDEF (Source Definition) card. You specify the energy spectrum of the source to represent thermal neutrons, typically using a Maxwellian distribution centered around 0.025 eV (the average energy of thermal neutrons at room temperature). The SDEF card allows you to define the spatial, angular, and energy distribution of the source particles.

Common tally options in MCNP for measuring thermal neutron flux include the F4 tally, which provides the flux averaged over a cell, and the F5 tally, which gives the flux at a point. For reaction rates, the F6 tally can be used to measure the energy deposition in a cell, and the FM tally multiplier card can be applied to account for specific reactions, such as neutron capture or scattering events.

Interpreting results from an MCNP simulation involves analyzing the output tallies, which provide information on neutron flux, reaction rates, and energy deposition. These results can be compared to experimental data or used to optimize detector design. Key parameters to examine include the spatial distribution of neutron flux, the energy spectrum of neutrons at the detector location, and the efficiency of the detector for capturing thermal neutrons. Post-processing tools and statistical analysis are often employed to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the simulation results.

- Replies
- 5

- Views
- 1K

- Replies
- 19

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 17

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 7

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 5

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 5

- Views
- 3K

- Replies
- 2

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 1

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 3

- Views
- 2K

- Replies
- 3

- Views
- 1K

Share: