# Homework Help: [Topology] Product Spaces

1. Jan 19, 2010

### WannaBe22

[Topology] Product Spaces :(

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

1. Show that in the product space $$N^N$$ where the topology on N is discrete, the set of near-constant functions is dense (near constant function is a function that becomes constant from a specific index..)...

2. Prove that in $$R^I$$ the set of monotonic increasing functions is not open.

2. Relevant equations
3. The attempt at a solution

I've no idea how to start thinking of these questions....

I'll be delighted to receive some guidance

2. Jan 19, 2010

### rasmhop

Re: [Topology] Product Spaces :(

1) A set is dense if its closure is the whole space. That is, if for every point $f \in \mathbb{N}^\mathbb{N}$ every neighborhood of f intersects the set, but it's sufficient to consider all subbasis elements containing f since all other open neighborhoods can be formed with intersections and unions of these. Let D denote the set of near-constant functions and consider an element $f \in \mathbb{N}^\mathbb{N}$. Consider a subbasis element U that contains f. Its nth component is $\mathbb{N}$ except for at one index k. Now define,
$$g(x) = \begin{cases} f(x) & \textrm{if }x = k \\ 0 & \textrm{otherwise} \end{cases}$$
Then, g is in D and in the neighborhood U of f.

2) If the set of monotonic increasing functions were open then, then every monotonically increasing function would have an open neighborhood that consists only of monotonic increasing functions. However if U is such a neighborhood of a monotonically increasing function f, then U is $\mathbb{R}$ at all points except for finitely many. Thus you can choose a function g in U that is not monotonically increasing by choosing a sufficiently small value at one of the points where U is $\mathbb{R}$. For instance if U is $\mathbb{R}$ at $m > 0$, then consider,
$$g(x) = \begin{cases} f(0)-1 & \textrm{if }x=m \\ f(x) & \textrm{otherwise} \end{cases}$$

3. Jan 20, 2010

### WannaBe22

Re: [Topology] Product Spaces :(

Thanks a lot! You're very helpful!