Understanding Nuclear Fission in Power Plants

In summary, the process of nuclear fission involves fuel rods being submerged in coolant water to moderate the reaction. Control rods are then used to contain and adjust the rate of the reaction. The heat produced from the fission is used to generate steam, which powers a steam turbine and industrial grade generator to produce electricity. The electricity is then used for various purposes, with some being diverted back to power the power plant. The moderator plays a crucial role in slowing down the neutrons and increasing the probability of collisions, while the control rods absorb the neutrons to regulate the reaction. Different combinations of coolant and moderator have been experimented with in this process.
  • #1
TheRealEinstein
So I need some help verifying this information.(I had to dumb it down, for the younger ones) -

The Nuclear Fission process is started when the Nuclear fuels rods are submerged in coolant water to moderate the Nuclear fission process. When the Fuel rods are put close together this sets of a Nuclear fission. The Control rods are used to contain the Nuclear fission. The control rods are raised to increase energy output and are lowered to decrease energy output. The Nuclear fission naturally has a heat output. The heat is used to generate steam. The steam is used to turn a steam turbine, which turns the Industrial grade generator. The industrial grade Generator produces electricity which gives power to whatever they are diverting it to. Some of the electricity is siphoned off to use as power for the power plant.
 
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  • #2
Welcome to PF
It all depends on who your target audience happens to be.
The basis of the fission reaction is that the neutrons from one nucleus cause a chain reaction as they hit other nuclei.
The action of the moderator is to slow the neutrons down and to increase the probability of collisions and, thus, the chain reaction; that's a sophisticated idea but important. The control rods adjust the rate of the reaction by absorbing the neutrons. etc. etc.
Water is not always the coolant and nor is is always the moderator. Many combinations have been tried.
 

Related to Understanding Nuclear Fission in Power Plants

1. What is nuclear fission?

Nuclear fission is a process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts, releasing a large amount of energy. This process is used to generate electricity in nuclear power plants.

2. How does nuclear fission work in power plants?

In a nuclear power plant, uranium atoms are bombarded with neutrons, causing them to split and release energy in the form of heat. This heat is then used to create steam, which turns a turbine and generates electricity.

3. Is nuclear fission safe?

Nuclear power plants are designed and operated with strict safety protocols to prevent accidents. While there is always a risk of accidents, nuclear power plants have a very low rate of incidents compared to other forms of energy production.

4. What are the benefits of using nuclear fission for electricity production?

Nuclear fission is a reliable source of electricity that produces minimal greenhouse gas emissions. It also has a high energy output and does not rely on natural resources like oil or coal.

5. What are the potential risks of nuclear fission?

The main risk of nuclear fission is the potential for accidents, which can have serious consequences for both human health and the environment. Additionally, the disposal of nuclear waste is a major concern, as it can remain radioactive for thousands of years.

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