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Vector addition and displacement

  1. Jul 16, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    During a rodeo, a clown runs 8.0 m north, turns 55 degrees north of east, and runs 3.5 m. Then, after waiting for the bull to come near, the clown turns due east and runs 5.0 m to exit the arena. What is the clown's total displacement?

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I drew a pic according to the problem, and it looks like a trapezoid, i don't know if it is the right image. How can i find the total displacement's two components? By adding three vectors together? Please explain it to me, thank you.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 16, 2007 #2

    bel

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    Try using the law of cosines.
     
  4. Jul 16, 2007 #3
    but is this a trapezoid?
     
  5. Jul 16, 2007 #4
    It might have two sides that are parallel, hard to tell but I don't think that would help you even if it was...
     
  6. Jul 16, 2007 #5

    danago

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    Try resolving each vector into its horizontal and vertical components, and then add them.
     
  7. Jul 16, 2007 #6
    ok, what's 8.0m's x and y component? its y-component is itslef? the same problem with 5m. hope you can give me some details since i really have no clue.
     
  8. Jul 16, 2007 #7

    nrqed

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    8.0 meters north means that this displacement has no x component and a y component of + 8.0 meters.

    Break into x and y components all three displacement vectors and add all the x and all the y components.
     
  9. Jul 16, 2007 #8

    danago

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    Well the 8m is directly north, so expressed in terms of its components, it would be <0,8>, so yes, its y component is itself, and its x component is zero. The 5m vector will be <5,0>, since it has no y component.
     
  10. Jul 17, 2007 #9
    You could also turn it into a right triangle and solve with the law of sines only. There are quite a few ways to solve for the total displacement.
     
  11. Jul 17, 2007 #10

    Assuming that North is the positive y-axis and East is the positive x-axis:
    Since 8.0m points due north, its x-component is zero. All it is is a y-component.
     
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