# Homework Help: Vector Space, (not calc i guess)

1. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

We're working on vector spaces right now and this one problem is iving me a bit of trouble.

Is the following a vector space?

The set of all polynomials of the form $$n_2x^2 + n_1x + n_0$$
where $$n_0,n_1,n_2 \epsilon Z$$(integers)

Now i'm pretty sure that this is going to end up NOT being a vector space, by using the properties that we were given (too vague and numerous to list here) But i'm not entirely sure why. I know that when it's an element of the REALS as opposed to the INTEGERS it is a vector space, but i just don't know where to start in this case :(

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
2. Sep 22, 2006

### dmoravec

3. Sep 22, 2006

Did you mean the set of all polynomials of the form $$n_2x^2 + n_1x + n_0$$?
If it is a vector space, then, for any $$a \in \textbf{R}$$ and $$p \in S$$, where S is your set of polynomials, and p some polynomial from this set, you have $$a p \in S$$, which is not true, because $$n_{0}, n_{1}, n_{2}$$ stay integers only if a is an integer. Hm, though, I'm not sure if the scalar actually has to be a real number. Maybe there is something like a 'vector space over Z'?

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
4. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

yes i did, sorry, i fixed it now. Thanks

And i have the 8 properties written down, i'm just sort of stumped when i try figuring them out. Using that link i would say that the first three are true:

1 it IS commutative
2 is DOES exhibit associativity of vector addition
3 there IS an additive identity (0)

but the forth one is the one that is starting to give me some troubles. I'm unsure of how to go about (dis)proving the existence of an additive inverse, it just seems like the negative values in the set of integers are going to throw it off...

edit: Why are you using $$a \in \textbf{R}$$? That's throwing me off...i understand what it is that you're saying, i just don't see where that term came from...

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
5. Sep 22, 2006

### dmoravec

well... if you have $$n_2x^2 + n_1x + n_0$$ and you add in the negative of it $$-n_2x^2 + -n_1x + -n_0$$ you would end up with zero. Since $$-n_2x^2 + -n_1x + -n_0$$ would be in your set I think it proves that one.

EDIT: yes a vector space is closed so the scalar part doesn't work.

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
6. Sep 22, 2006

### dmoravec

the scalar has to be part of a field,, could use real, complex and rational numbers, but not integers.

7. Sep 22, 2006

Hm, better wait for someone like Halls on that one. As stated, I'm actually not sure if the scalar has to be a real number.

Well, regarding the 'fourth one'.. Why do you think anything would be 'thrown off'? If you choose a polynomial with negative integer coefficients, let's say p1, then -p1 = (-1) * p1 has positive coefficients, and you have your additive inverse.

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
8. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

ok, that proves my doubts about that one, thanks. I would ever even have noticed that the result doesn't have to be in the set, that seems really weird to me.

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
9. Sep 22, 2006

Thanks, that's what I thought.. So, since there is no scalar multiplication in this vector space, i.e. the space is not closed for scalar multiplying, it is no vector space. Other conditions don't have to be tested, unless I'm missing something big.

Last edited: Sep 22, 2006
10. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

hmmm, i don't think i see why there's no scalar multiplying, could you explain why?

11. Sep 22, 2006

### dmoravec

if you have a polynomial $$n_2x^2 + n_1x + n_0$$
and you multiply by 2.5 the coefficients are no longer integers and it is not in the set. Therefore the set is not closed under scalar multiplication and it can't be a vector space.

12. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

oooooooohh, right! That's because the scalar that you're multiplying by doesn't have to be in the set. Right? I was assuming that you COULDN'T multiply by a non-integer during scalar multiplication because they aren't included in the set...

13. Sep 22, 2006

### sjmacewan

can i get a confirmation of what i just said maybe? Am i right in saying that the multipliers for scalar multiplication don't have to be a member of the set?

14. Sep 22, 2006

### dmoravec

that is correct

15. Sep 22, 2006

### Data

Vector spaces are defined over fields. You have a set S a field F, and you have a closed addition on S, and you have multiplication between elements of F and elements of S which returns elements of S. So yes, unless S is a field the scalars must come from some different field.

You can define vector spaces over themselves: for example, $\mathbb{R}$ is a vector space over the field $\mathbb{R}$ using standard multiplication and addition of real numbers.

16. Sep 22, 2006

### matt grime

Vector space over WHAT FIELD? Offer all the information first.

17. Sep 23, 2006

### sjmacewan

it was th reals, but i got it all now and it's making perfect sense. Thanks to everyone who helped!