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Von Neumann entropy

  1. Feb 11, 2006 #1
    What's the difference between thermodynamic entropy and von Neumann entropy? In particular, how is temperature related to the von Neumann entropy?
    Also, what has information got to do with these two entropies?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 16, 2006 #2
    Hi, thermodynamic entropy is the entropy of the Gibbs equilibrium state
    s := exp( - beta H)/trace(exp( - beta H)/) where beta is to be interpreted as the inverse temperature and H as the Hamiltonian. The Von Neumann entropy equals - trace (s log s). It is just that this last formula makes sense for ALL states (ie. semi positive definite matrices with trace equal to unity). Therefore Von Neumann entropy does NOT relate in general to any meaningful notion of temperature.

    Cheers,

    Careful
     
  4. Feb 17, 2006 #3
    Thermodynamic entropy is the same as Shannon Entropy (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shannon_entropy), and it is a measure of how much information is encoded in a probability distribution. The relationship between Information Theory and Thermodynamics indicated by the equality of Shannon and Boltzmann entropy were beautifully described in the papers of Jaynes (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Jaynes).

    The von Neumann entropy is the QM analogous and its relation to Quantum Information Theory is explained in a very simple way in a paper by Plenio and Vitelli that you can find in

    http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0103108
     
  5. Feb 17, 2006 #4
    The question touqra posed was how Von Neumann entropy relates to a *physical* temperature. There exists no good physical notion of temperature for a general state which is not a thermal equilibrium (ie. Gibbs) state AFAIK. Therefore, the statement that thermodynamic entropy equals Von Neumann entropy is extremely misleading to say the very least.
     
  6. Feb 17, 2006 #5
    I don't remembered saying "that thermodynamic entropy equals Von Neumann entropy"... I said "analogous", what can be esily seen by the similarity of both formulas. And I remembered that he also asked about the relation of both entropies with respect to information, which was what my post was about.

    Anyway, the last paper I indicated talks about the erasure of quantum information by thermalization and indicates where temperature enters in this matter (particualrly, look at equation (47)).
     
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