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Why does (-1)^n(sin(pi/n)) converge when (sin(p/n)) diverges

  1. Mar 22, 2017 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I know that ∑n=1 to infinity (sin(p/n)) diverges due using comparison test with pi/n, despite it approaching 0 as n approaches infinity.

    However, an alternating series with (-1)^n*sin(pi/n) converges. Which does not make sense because it consists of two diverging functions.

    Is there any intuitive explanation for this? Or is it just a rule that I need to remember when treating alternating series

    Thank you.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 23, 2017 #2
    How about this: For large n, sin(π/n) is approximately π/n, so the series is approximately πΣ(1/π) which is known to diverge.

    With alternating signs, the series approximates πΣ( (1/n) - 1/(n+1) ) which approaches π.ln(2). Actually I think I find it more persuasive to group pairs of successive terms:
    (1/n) - 1/(n+1) = 1/(n(n+1)) = O(1/n2), but I gather that's not always a safe thing to do.
     
  4. Mar 25, 2017 #3

    vela

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    The fact that ##\sum (-1)^n## and##\sum \sin(\pi/n)## both diverge says absolutely nothing about the alternating series. If you don't believe that, you might consider ##a_n = b_n = 1/n##. Neither ##\sum a_n## nor ##\sum b_n## converge, but ##\sum a_nb_n = \sum 1/n^2## converges.
     
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