Read about convergence | 45 Discussions | Page 1

  1. P

    Coulomb's Law and Conditional Convergent Alternating Harmonic Series

    Mary Boas attempts to explain this by pointing out that the situation cannot arise because charges will have to be placed individually, and in an order, and that order would represent the order we sum in. That at any point the unplaced infinite charges would form an infinite divergent series...
  2. J

    Euler Approximation Failure

    I had thought it would be failure of structural stability since in structural stability qualitative behavior of the trajectories is unaffected by small perturbations, and here, even tiny deviations using ##h## values resulted in huge effects. However, apparently that's not the case, and I'm not...
  3. M

    I Why is there a contradiction?

    Let: ##\nabla## denote dell operator with respect to field coordinate (origin) ##\nabla'## denote dell operator with respect to source coordinates The electric field at origin due to an electric dipole distribution in volume ##V## having boundary ##S## is: \begin{align} \int_V...
  4. E

    A How to get a converging solution for a second order PDE?

    I have been struggling with a problem for a long time. I need to solve the second order partial differential equation $$\frac{1}{G_{zx}}\frac{\partial ^2\phi (x,y)}{\partial^2 y}+\frac{1}{G_{zy}}\frac{\partial ^2\phi (x,y)}{\partial^2 x}=-2 \theta$$ where ##G_{zy}##, ##G_{zx}##, ##\theta##...
  5. JD_PM

    Analysis of an absolutely convergence of series

    Homework Statement - Given a bounded sequence ##(y_n)_n## in ##\mathbb{C}##. Show that for every sequence ##(x_n)_n## in ##\mathbb{C}## for which the series ##\sum_n x_n## converges absolutely, that also the series ##\sum_n \left(x_ny_n\right)## converges absolutely. - Suppose ##(y_n)_n## is...
  6. F

    I Convergence of 2 sample means with 95% confidence

    I tried to derive an equation for one sample mean to converge to another sample mean within a 95% confidence interval, but I know I am wrong. Can someone tell me what I did wrong, and what is the correct formula? Suppose: ##\hat{x_1},\hat{\sigma_1},N## are a sample mean, standard deviation...
  7. Jazzyrohan

    I Convergence of an infinite series

    For a series to be convergent,it must have a finite sum,i.e.,limiting value of sum.As the sum of n terms approaches a limit,it means that the nth term is getting smaller and tending to 0,but why is not the converse true?Should not the sum approach a finite value if the nth term of the series is...
  8. A

    Show that the integral converges

    Homework Statement (FYI It's from an Real Analysis class.) Show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} (sin^2(t) / t^2) dt $$ is convergent. Homework Equations I know that for an integral to be convergent, it means that : $$\lim_{x\to\infty} \int_{0}^{x} (sin^2(t) / t^2) dt$$ is finite. I can also use...
  9. mjtsquared

    I Region of convergence of a Laplace transform

    If a Laplace transform has a region of convergence starting at Re(s)=0, does the Laplace transform evaluated at the imaginary axis exist? I.e. say that the Laplace transform of 1 is 1/s. Does this Laplace transform exist at say s=i?
  10. W

    I Convergence of ##\{\mathrm{sinc}^n(x)\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}##

    Hi Physics Forums, I have a problem that I am unable to resolve. The sequence ##\{\mathrm{sinc}^n(x)\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}## of positive integer powers of ##\mathrm{sinc}(x)## converges pointwise to the indicator function ##\mathbf{1}_{\{0\}}(x)##. This is trivial to prove, but I am struggling to...
  11. E

    Convergence of a series

    Homework Statement Determine whether the following series converge, converge conditionally, or converge absolutely. Homework Equations a) Σ(-1)^k×k^3×(5+k)^-2k (where k goes from 1 to infinity) b) ∑sin(2π + kπ)/√k × ln(k) (where k goes from 2 to infinity) c) ∑k×sin(1+k^3)/(k + ln(k))...
  12. Cathr

    Improper integral convergence from 0 to 1

    Homework Statement I have to prove that the improper integral ∫ ln(x)/(1-x) dx on the interval [0,1] is convergent. Homework Equations I split the integral in two intervals: from 0 to 1/2 and from 1/2 to 1. The Attempt at a Solution The function can be approximated to ln(x) when it approaches...
  13. D

    Convergence of a series with n-th term defined piecewise

    Homework Statement Test the series for convergence or divergence ##1/2^2-1/3^2+1/2^3-1/3^3+1/2^4-1/3^4+...## Homework Equations rn=abs(an+1/an) The Attempt at a Solution With some effort I was able to figure out the 'n' th tern of the series an = \begin{cases} 2^{-(0.5n+1.5)} & \text{if } n...
  14. C

    Finite element solving of Laplace's equation doesn't converge

    Homework Statement I'm trying to solve Laplace's equation numerically in 3d for a charged sphere in a big box. I'm using Comsol, which solves using the finite elements method. I used neumann BC on the surface of the sphere, and flux=0 BC on the box in which I have the sphere. The result does...
  15. S

    Convergence of a double summation using diagonals

    Homework Statement Show that ##\sum_{k=2}^\infty d_k## converges to ##\lim_{n\to\infty} s_{nn}##. Homework Equations I've included some relevant information below: The Attempt at a Solution So far I've managed to show that ##\sum_{k=2}^\infty |d_k|## converges, but I don't know how to move...
  16. Delta2

    I Rational sequence converging to irrational

    In the textbook I have (its a textbook for calculus from my undergrad studies, written by Greek authors) some times it uses the lemma that "for any irrational number there exists a sequence of rational numbers that converges to it", and it doesn't have a proof for it, just saying that it is a...
  17. R

    Proving the convergence of series

    Homework Statement Prove the convergence of this series using the Comparison Test/Limiting Comparison Test with the geometric series or p-series. The series is: The sum of [(n+1)(3^n) / (2^(2n))] from n=1 to positive ∞ The question is also attached as a .png file 2. Homework Equations The...
  18. J

    A Newton's Generalized Binomial Theorem

    I'm trying to expand the following using Newton's Generalized Binomial Theorem. $$[f_1(x)+f_2(x)]^\delta = (f_1(x))^\delta + \delta (f_1(x))^{\delta-1}f_2(x) + \frac{\delta(\delta-1)}{2!}(f_1(x))^{\delta-2}(f_2(x))^2 + ...$$ where $$0<\delta<<1$$ But the condition for this formula is that...
  19. tl_ccc

    Nonlinear contact convergence problem in ANSYS Workbench?

    I am using the static structural module of ANSYS workbench to do a simulation. In my model, there is a gear and a spring which presses against the gear, moves along it and pushes it to turn counterclockwise. These two objects are in frictional contact. In my calculation, I always have the...
  20. A

    Convergence in distribution example

    Homework Statement Homework Equations [/B] Definition: A sequence X_1,X_2,\dots of real-valued random variables is said to converge in distribution to a random variable X if \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}F_{n}(x)=F(x) for all x\in\mathbb{R} at which F is continuous. Here F_n, F are the...
  21. solour

    Why does (-1)^n(sin(pi/n)) converge when (sin(p/n)) diverges

    Homework Statement I know that ∑n=1 to infinity (sin(p/n)) diverges due using comparison test with pi/n, despite it approaching 0 as n approaches infinity. However, an alternating series with (-1)^n*sin(pi/n) converges. Which does not make sense because it consists of two diverging functions...
  22. Vigardo

    Convergence problems in ANSYS batch mode but not in GUI

    Dear experts, I´m performing a non-linear buckling analysis under ANSYS Mechanical APDL (v14.5) using an input file that processes the last converged step to generate some etable output. When run in GUI everything goes fine: the non-linear buckling analysis is performed until it becomes...
  23. jlmccart03

    Series: Determine if they are convergent or divergent

    Homework Statement I have a couple of series where I need to find out if they are convergent (absolute/conditional) or divergent. Σ(n3/3n Σk(2/3)k Σ√n/1+n2 Σ(-1)n+1*n/n^2+9 Homework Equations Comparison Test Ratio Test Alternating Series Test Divergence Test, etc The Attempt at a...
  24. binbagsss

    Elliptic functions proof -- convergence series on lattice

    Homework Statement Hi I am looking at the proof attached for the theorem attached that: If ##s \in R##, then ##\sum'_{w\in\Omega} |w|^-s ## converges iff ##s > 2## where ##\Omega \in C## is a lattice with basis ##{w_1,w_2}##. For any integer ##r \geq 0 ## : ##\Omega_r := {mw_1+nw_2|m,n \in...
  25. T

    Showing Convergent Subsequence Exists

    Homework Statement Consider the space ##([0, 1], d_1)## where ##d_1(x, y) = |x-y|##. Show that there exists a sequence ##(x_n)## in ##X## such that for every ##x \epsilon [0, 1]## there exists a subsequence ##(x_{n_k})## such that ##\lim{k\to\infty}\space x_{n_k} = x##. Homework Equations N/A...
  26. M

    Convergence of series (Theoretical Question)

    1. The problem: Ive been all afternoon struggling with this doubt. Its a bit more teoric than the rest of the exercices i did and i just cant seem to get around it so here it goes ...
  27. E

    A Measuring the degree of convergence of a stochastic process

    Consider a sample consisting of {y1,y2,...,yk} realisations of a random variable Y, and let S(k) denote the variance of the sample as a function of its size; that is S(k)=1/k( ∑ki=1(yi−y¯)2) for y¯=1/k( ∑ki=1 yi) I do not know the distribution of Y, but I do know that S(k) tends to zero as k...
  28. enh89

    Why does it matter what convergence test I use?

    I just took a calc 2 test and got 3/8 points on several problems that asked you to show convergence or divergence. The reason being that I didn't use the correct test of convergence? The answer was right, if you get to the point where you know the series converges, then why does it matter which...
  29. The-Mad-Lisper

    Proof for Convergent of Series With Seq. Similar to 1/n

    Homework Statement \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{n-1}{(n+2)(n+3)} Homework Equations S=\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}a_n (1) \lim\limits_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}\gt 1\rightarrow S\ is\ divergent (2) \lim\limits_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}\lt 1\rightarrow S\ is\...
  30. Jess Karakov

    Sequence Convergence/Divergence Question

    Homework Statement Determine which of the sequences converge or diverge. Find the limit of the convergent sequences. 1) {asubn}= [((n^2) + (-1)^n)] / [(4n^2)] Homework Equations [/B] a1=first term, a2=second term...an= nth term The Attempt at a Solution a) So I found the first couple of...
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