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Current through the conductor

by DODGEVIPER13
Tags: conductor, current
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DODGEVIPER13
#1
Sep26-13, 09:54 PM
P: 663
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
The current density in a cylindrical conductor of radius a placed along the z-axis is J=10e^-(1-ρ/a)Uz
Find the current through the cross-section of the conductor.

2. Relevant equations
I=JA
A=(pi)a^2

3. The attempt at a solution
So far I have this I=10e^-(1-ρ/a)Uz((pi)a^2) which I assume I am to integrate but what should I integrate with respect too and what should the limits be I am guessing from 0 to a?
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UltrafastPED
#2
Sep27-13, 02:35 AM
Sci Advisor
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PF Gold
UltrafastPED's Avatar
P: 1,908
You integrate the flow normal to the cross section through which it is flowing.
DODGEVIPER13
#3
Sep27-13, 09:55 AM
P: 663
So that would be along the x or y?

DODGEVIPER13
#4
Sep27-13, 09:55 AM
P: 663
Current through the conductor

The normal is the perpendicular vector right?
UltrafastPED
#5
Sep27-13, 11:46 AM
Sci Advisor
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PF Gold
UltrafastPED's Avatar
P: 1,908
Yes, the normal is perpendicular to the surface.
DODGEVIPER13
#6
Sep27-13, 03:28 PM
P: 663
ok so a normal vector equals to Uz/Uz (where the bottom Uz is the length of Uz it is in between those two absolute value mark things). Do you have any more hints on how to set this up
UltrafastPED
#7
Sep28-13, 02:50 AM
Sci Advisor
Thanks
PF Gold
UltrafastPED's Avatar
P: 1,908
Your problem states that the current is flowing along the axis Uz, hence it is perpendicular to the cross section formed by the x-y plane.

So you just have to integrate the density given as it crosses the circle of radius a defined by the cylinder of the wire. Since the axis passes along the center of the wire it would be easiest to switch to cylindrical coordinates for this integration.
DODGEVIPER13
#8
Sep28-13, 02:56 PM
P: 663
∫JdS=Ienc where dS=ρd(phi)dρ in cylindrical right?


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