Yup, V =Q/C , and f=1/(2∏RC)
But why is this the Bandwidth? The impedance of capacitor is same as resistance so we get maximum power for?
And 10000 electrons need to consider shot noise? If I consider, so I just add thermal noise voltage and shot noise together to get the total voltage noise?
Homework Statement
The output of a sensor which produces 10000 electrons is connected to parallel RC circuit with Resistance= 50 ohm, and the capacitance=10pF.
Calculate the signal to noise ratio at temperature 300K.
Homework Equations
SNR= 10 log (power of signal/ power of noise)
Or...
##\vec{L}^2## mean the angular momentum square
##L_z## angular momentum in z direction
##\vec{L}^2##=l(l+1)\hbar and ##L_z##=m\hbar.
Total orbit angular momentum is j?
J=l-(1/2) or l+(1/2)
Homework Statement
A hydrogen atom is identified as being in a state with n=4. What is the magnitude of the total orbital angular momentum for the largest permitted value of l?
Homework Equations
n>l, l is bigger or equal to m
The Attempt at a Solution
The allowed l= 3,2,1
The allowed m for...
Thank you. If I want to calculate the output impedance, I have to off the input signal, yet there are still 2 dc supplies ,one to gate-source, another is the $V_cc$ , and there should be current pass though , but my book said $g_mV_{gs}$ =0?
From the picture you gave,
BJT ,the output voltage is amplified because there is dc voltage supply to keep BJT active ,but what about the FET? The voltage supplied only control the gate only, anything to do with the output?
Thanks
To encode a symbol in binary form, I need 3 bits ,and I have 6 symbols.
So I need 6*3=18 bits to encode "We are" into binary form. As shown in http://www.shannonentropy.netmark.pl/calculate
My question: 3 bits to encode one then I have to use 16 bits, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
How to...
The following is the Planck's derivation for black body radiation
$${\rho}({\lambda}) d{\lambda}=E({\lambda})*f({E(\lambda}))*D({\lambda})d{\lambda}------equation 1$$
$$\int_0^\infty{\rho}({\lambda})d{\lambda}$$ is the density of radiative energy.
From...
Can you please explain more? How two taps to empty a water tank? Water go from taps to tank then?
How should I prove the two polarization modes? Please tell me. Thanks.
$${\rho}({\lambda}) d{\lambda}=E({\lambda})*f({E(\lambda}))*D({\lambda})d{\lambda}$$
$${\rho}({\lambda}) d{\lambda}$$ is density of radiative energy,
$$E({\lambda})= k_BT$$ is the energy of an atom vibrate in 3D,
$$f({E(\lambda}))=1$$ is the probability distribution. Equals to 1 because we...
Dulong Petit use energy,E=$k_B$T and the probability distribution as f(E)=1.
Internal energy,u=3N$k_B$T
$$C_v=∂u/∂T=3NkT$$
Three there because there is 3 modes in each atom.
Then my question is why do we use E=kT?
I understand 1 atom has 3 degree of freedom,and 1 freedom has kT/2.
A...
Sorry, it is spectrometer.
Yup it is use to find the refractive index of the glass cell.
My book says : a sharp boundary distinguishes the bright from the dark region because no rays are refracted with an angle of refraction larger than critical angle.
So ? I think the refraction will occur...