# Newton Definition and 129 Discussions

The Newton is a series of personal digital assistants (PDAs) developed and marketed by Apple Computer, Inc. An early device in the PDA category (the Newton originated the term), it was the first to feature handwriting recognition. Apple started developing the platform in 1987 and shipped the first devices in August 1993. Production officially ended on February 27, 1998. Newton devices ran on a proprietary operating system, Newton OS; examples include Apple's MessagePad series and the eMate 300, and other companies also released devices running on Newton OS. Most Newton devices were based on the ARM 610 RISC processor and all featured handwriting-based input.
The Newton was considered technologically innovative at its debut, but a combination of factors, some of which included its high price and early problems with its handwriting recognition feature, limited its sales. This led to Apple ultimately discontinuing the platform at the direction of Steve Jobs in 1998, a year after his return to the company.

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1. ### A Newton<->Lagrange

Hello everyone, my question is, if there is a case, where you can't you Langrange (1 or 2) but only Newton to solve the equation of motion? My guess is, that it might be, when we have no restrictions at all, so a totally free motion. Does anybody know?
2. ### B Balloon rocket- What happens inside and why the reaction?

The law of action and reaction is the explanation that I see everywhere. But I can't find anywhere what exactly pushes the balloon in the opposite direction as the air coming out. Air molecules come out to where pressure is less. What exactly moves the rubber balloon in the opposite direction...
3. ### Selection of a compression spring

Summary:: What does I need to consider in order to get the right spring? Hello. I need a compression spring that require 10 lbs of force in order to be compressed 1cm. The springs outer diameter (De) has to be 1cm. The spring will be made out of piano wire. Which values of specification does...
4. ### Casimir Effect experiment and implications on motion theory

Quantum mechanics has argued for years that space is not a vacuum. Arguments attempting to brush aside quantum mechanics vacuum theory claiming, it's 'just a quantum mathematical theory' can now put to rest. In this article, laboratory experimentation demonstrates that the Casimir Effect can...
5. ### Two masses collide with a spring -- Find the final positions/velocities

Let's say you have two masses on either side of a spring. Mass 1 is connected to the end of a spring. The spring itself has no mass. Mass 2 is free in space. So you have: [M1]-[spring] [M2] So it's more descriptive, I'll name the variables like you might in programming. Let's define...
6. ### B Testing the effect of Gravity at home....

Hi .... air resistance is the reason that objects of different mass fall to earth at different speeds. In a vacuum all objects fall to earth at the same rate regardless of mass. OK - I get it but all the experiments that illustrate this tend to rely on tall buildings or massive vacuum chambers...
7. ### Newton's Law of Cooling Question- relationship between the temperature of the substance and the initial room temperature

Through the research that I conducted is that I wasn't able to find actual supporting answer to this question. I struggle with Physics and math and because of Coronavirus my school has shut down meaning I don't have access to my teachers or tutor. The main line that i am thinking is that if it...
8. ### Heating a soup (solving this problem with a DE)

I'm having quite a bit of a problem with this one. I've managed to figure out that ##T_0 = 0##. However, not knowing what ##q(t)## is bothers me, although it seems that I could theoretically solve the problem without knowing it. For ##t>t_1##, integration by parts gives me ##T = Ce^{-t/10}##...

10. ### Three masses, a string and pulley and a table -- solve for the acceleration

Let T be the tension in the string, a be the acceleration of mass 2m, 2a be the acceleration of mass m T = (m) (2a) ---eq(1) The mass 3m will come down with acceleration a’ = (a+2a)/2 = 3a/2 3mg - 2T = 3m . 3a/2 from equation 1 3mg - 2(2ma) = 3m . 3a/2 thus a = 6/17g thus acceleration of 3m...
11. ### B Can someone please explain this paragraph from A Brief History Of Time

what does it mean when you say the stars all fall in on each other?And what does the line uniform distribution of stars outside this region mean?and what does this line mean- again fall in?what does fall in mean? would really appreciate some help in understanding the meaning in simpler words...
12. ### Force as a function of time

Hello, I have the force defined as a function of time, where F=A-Bt and A=100N, B=100Ns-1. I have to determine, how long it will take for object to stop, if t0=0s and v0=0,2ms-1 and mass of the object is m=10kg. Can somebody please help me with this, because I'm having hard time with this task.
13. ### Understanding forced motion in space

Hello, Can you please explain the analogy oft quoted to explain the concept of applied motion to objects in space, which goes as follows : 1. You are standing on a skateboard or sitting in a boat floating on the water, holding a bowling ball. 2. You throw the bowling ball towards the back of...
14. ### Relationship between the Volume of a balloon and the time it takes to deflate

I would like to ask a question on whether there is a proportionality between volume of a balloon, and the time it takes to deflate. I have conducted several balloon hovercraft experiments. I need to find the relationship between the amount of air pumped into the balloon and how long the...
15. ### Formula for fictitious moments

Hi All, Everyone knows so called "fictitious" forces, also known as "inertial" forces. They are forces felt by some mass point placed in a non-inertial frame. For example: a ball in a moving car or in a carousel. Maybe most intuitive fictitious forces are centrifugal forces, but there are also...
16. ### Gram as weight?

Ok so I've asked my physics teacher and a statics teacher as well and I couldn't get a straight answer from either. So here's my questions... Correct me if i'm wrong, but isn't the gram a unit of mass? Not weight? I thought that for mass to become a unit of weight, it has to have to...
17. ### Inertial Frames

This question concerns inertial frames. I am aware that an inertial frame is one that is not accelerating. I am aware of an alternative definition: it is one on which no forces are applied. (Yes, they are the same thing.) I am also aware of the d'Alembert "forces" that appear when a frame is...
18. ### I Feynman QED

I recently started reading Feynmans book QED. There are a couple of questions I have regarding his theory on the percentage of light that is reflected of two surfaces of glass. My question is as follows, A piece of glass in fact has four surfaces. The front of the glass the back side of...
19. ### I Is quantum mechanics formulated from 1st principles?

I was surprised recently to learn that one of the reasons both Newton and Einstein were so revolutionary was that they performed a neat mathematical trick. For Newton, it was the mathematical derivation of Kepler's laws from Newton's laws of gravitation and motion. For Einstein, it was the...
20. ### F=ma -- How did Newton find this?

I did some googling but only found nothing to answer my question. How did Newton come up with this formula, literally/physically? Did he have chunks of stuff and moved them around, then logged various results. Then maybe he played around with various formulas and saw which fit the data?
21. ### Contributions to Dynamics - China

Hello, To ensconce this question properly, we know that some of the major contributions to the discipline of rigid body and classical particle dynamics came from: Newton, Euler, Hamilton, Lagrange and so on... (no need to suggest other western names right now - I am aware of them). However I...
22. ### Experiment on Newtons First Law

I am wondering if anyone knows of a good resource to see Newtons first law in action. For example, a block being pulled by increasing force until it moves?
23. ### Tension in a rope

Homework Statement I have a rope held by a hook, which is attached to the ceiling by a chain (with an angle theta), in one side, the rope (with an angle alpha) is attached to a a wall, in the other side, the rope is carrying an anvil of 110 Kg mass in vertical position. What is the tension in...
24. ### I Why do objects with mass attract each other?

In most cases, we know why things happen. Protons can stick with each other because of the strong nuclear force. There's all kinds of forces and we know mostly about why they occur and how they are transmitted. But I don't understand gravity. Why do objects with mass attract each other ? I know...
25. ### Force to seperate two magnets

Hi, i have a question. I need to know how much newton it takes to seperate 2 magnets or a magnet from a from a piece of metal. I've bought a spring scale that measures max 50 gram, so very accurate. Now what if i attach the scale to the magnet and i pull it horizontally just enough to...
26. ### Man's weight on a railroad car

Homework Statement The problem relates to the subject of torque and angular momentum: A man of mass ## M ## stands on a railroad car that is rounding an unbanked turn of radius R at speed v. His center of mass is height ## L ## above the car, and his feet are distance ## d ## apart. The man is...
27. ### B How does a hummingbird hover?

Hello, I understand that Newton's laws of motion can explain how a hummingbird is able to hover in front of flowers. There is one question I have in particular, which is, Is the lift generated by the wings of the bird and its weight force an example of a pair of Newton's third law forces? They...
28. ### A Two-Body-Problem with Changing Mass

Hi, I would like to ask you what happens when you change (gradually) a mass of one body in a classical two-body-problem. May it lead to such results? Many thanks. Flor
29. ### Why were Newton's laws of motion discovered so late?

Hi, I had a thought recently which gave rise to a rather interesting query. A helicopter works and is able to fly due to Newton's third law of motion. The propellers rotate at a high speed and exert a force on the air beneath them. By N3L, the air therefore exerts an upwards force on the...
30. ### B F=ma -- True or an Illusion...

Imagine, There's a ball in deep space traveling with a constant velocity of 25m/s and is having mass 25kg. Now as I said, ball is traveling with a constant velocity that simply means acceleration=0 and now if we calculate the force with F=ma we will end up with 0. But if that ball collide with a...
31. A

### Newton's Rings and Thin Film Interference

Homework Statement A total of 31 bright and 31 dark Newton's rings (not counting the dark spot at the center) are observed when 550-nm light falls normally on a planoconvex lens resting on a flat glass surface. How much thicker is the center than the edges? Homework Equations 2t = mλ 2t =...
32. ### Shape of water in a rotating container along A vertical axis

Hi! I am currently working on a project that includes rotating a water-filled container. The container is NOT spinning about its vertical axis, but about the vertical axis of the rotating disc. I am aware that the surface shape of water in a rotating bucket takes the shape of a parabola when it...
33. ### Particle moving down a cone (Newtonian formulation)

Hi, This a Classical Mechanics problem I've been trying to solve for a few days now. I cannot use Lagrangian or Hamiltonian formulation, it must be solved using classical Newtonian formulation. One must determine the equations of movement of the particle in cartesian, spherical and cylindrical...
34. J

### Torque and force on a tire iron

So I was curious about something. Having a flat tire today and having to change my tire made me wonder. I understand torque and force are 2 different things though related they have separate meanings. So my question is if I have a 2 foot tire iron and I am torquing my nuts. Lets say they...
35. K

### B Relation between sum of the forces and energy

In the picture above, there are three balls in separated small elevators. Elevator A lifts the ball upwards, elevator B stays still, elevator C moves the ball downwards, all in constant speed. (And this is a model, a simplification of the reality, we assume no other forces on the balls other...
36. J

### What if the actual force for a newton was different?

ince f=ma, and we derive whatever the force it takes to accelerate a specific mass at a specific acceleration as a unit of force. I understand this ratio of actual force will always be the same in the entire universe but is there a reason why for example 1kg accelerated a 1m/s^2=1 N which is...
37. B

### Hydrualic pressure moving plug in pipe

Homework Statement A plug with a given mass is placed in the end of a horizontal pipe to hold water at a given pressure behind it. Is there any way to calculate how far this plug would move in the x-axis if it suddenly lost it's grip against the pipe wall, and it was situated a given height...
38. ### Newton's Principia and Euclid's Elements

I have always wanted to read the textbooks in the thread title. But their styld is so old. Does someone know of any "middle of the road" textbooks? By that, I mean: books that basically teach what these two men wrote, but, perhaps with updated language, or some really-not-essential stuff...
39. ### Center of Mass Velocity in Multiple Dimmensions

I was doing some practice problems to become more familiar with the Center of Mass Velocity and I came across this one from (Noted in the picture) Engineering at Illinois, that relates the velocity of the center of mass in both the x and y direction, however I don't quit understand the answer...
40. ### What is so "genius" about the work of genius scientists?

Many scientists are regarded as geniuses based on their work (Einstein, Newton, etc). What is it about their work that is so clever that few others could have done it?
41. ### Is true force just "accepted" if it satisfies Newton law?

So I understand the relationship between mass x acceleration=force but all that relationship tells me is "Whatever the force is to accelerate a given mass at a specific unit of acceleration = units of force, and we just accept whatever the unit of force is. example 1/ms² x 1 kg mass = 1 N...
42. ### Distance an object travels after sliding and falling from roof

Homework Statement [/B] My physics teacher - "You may like this question, its very structured" Calculate the distance a slate tile falls from a roof The roof is angled at an angle 30 degrees. mass of slate tile is 0.8kg The length of the roof is L=6m The height of the roof above the ground is...
43. ### Simple harmonic motion in an accelerating car

There's a pendulum attached to a car accelerating with ##A##. I know I can find it's time period using the "effective" g method, but I want to find it from first principles. My attempt: ##tan\theta = A/g## Now I displace it by ##\alpha## giving ##mgsin(\theta+\alpha)-mAcos(\theta+\alpha) = ma##...
44. ### How to find Kepler's law from Newton's laws

We were asked to do an experiment where we had to prove the equation: T2=(4π2m)/Mgr Where M is the mass of the mass stack in kg (0.3kg), m is the mass of the rubber bung in kg (0.0226kg), T is the time taken for one rotation in seconds, r is the horizontal radius of rotation in meters, and g is...
45. ### Newton's method and complex roots

1) the problem I understand newton's method and I was able to find all the real roots of the function.However, I dont understand how to find the complex roots. I know that z=x+yi, and that I can plug in z for the formula. However I, dont know how to change the function (...
46. ### Rocket Engine: Centripetal Force to Vector thrust

Hey guys, I'm new to the forum and I have a question that has stumped several of the professors at my school. My idea is to use an electric motor with a solid rocket engine on a thrust stand to spin the exit cone. The concept would make use of centripetal force to increase the pressure of...
47. ### Classical MacDougal - Newton's Gravity: An Introductory Guide

Hi, judging by the TOC and the free preview of chapter 10 on Springer's website, this book seems a great supplementary read for a regular (undergraduate) classical mechanics or astronomy course. https://www.amazon.com/dp/1461454433/?tag=pfamazon01-20 Newton's Gravity: An Introductory Guide to...
48. ### Torque applied on a lighting column

Greetings! I am currently making a program which is about lighting columns. And I am currently at a halt because I need some basic physics done before I can complete it. I have a lighting column which is L = 8 m D = 0.087 m M = 69 kg I have a force, applied from the wind load, at F = 1235...
49. ### Need help on Newton's Law Question and Determining speed

<Mentor's note: moved from a technical forum, therefore no template> My teacher made this question: Iceman is sliding down a 10.0 x 10^(-8) nm ice that is inclined at 20.0 degrees with respect to the horizontal. Iceman is initially at rest. The coefficient of kinetic friction between iceman's...
50. ### Calculate force with speed and mass...

Hi forumners, is it possible to calculate force in Newtons given speed and distance? Or if I have to, I would say the ball weighs approximately 3kg? Thank you in advance.