# What is Procedure: Definition and 103 Discussions

Criminal procedure is the adjudication process of the criminal law. While criminal procedure differs dramatically by jurisdiction, the process generally begins with a formal criminal charge with the person on trial either being free on bail or incarcerated, and results in the conviction or acquittal of the defendant. Criminal procedure can be either in form of inquisitorial or adversarial criminal procedure.

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1. ### Procedure to express radiation intensity of an LED in watts/cm^2

I am calculating Responsivity of a pn junction photodiode (a.k.a the target) by irradiating radiation from LED sources. For this purpose, i have two LEDs, one UV and another green LED. Note that LEDs are placed close to the target.UV LED : Manufacturer has given total radiant power to be 20mW...

I need some help understanding the LC/MS process for proteomics. I am writing a paper on using LC/MS to detect nut allergens in food. My problem is that I have never used LC or MS so I do not understand the process in the lab. The resources I have found are too complicated. I am a 3rd year...
3. ### MHB Which procedure takes the minimum time to solve modulus functions?

1) -|2x-3|+|5-x|+|x-10|=|3-x| 2) |2x-3|-|5-x|-|x-10|-|3-x|=28 3) -|2x-3|+|5-x|+|x-10|≥|3-x| How can we solve these problems? The method I know is to plug in the critical values to see which modulus becomes positive and which one becomes negative. Then find out the values of x for which the...
4. ### Debate over the experimental procedure for Newton's 2nd Law

Hi, I'm currently having an ongoing debate with some teachers regarding a practical for Newton's Second Law. The prac involves a cart attached to some weights via a string on a pulley. The protocol as it stands has students add increasing mass to the end of the string (not changing the mass of...
5. ### Question about the Ramping-up procedure for a steam boiler

Hello Experts, I have a question regarding the operation of a steam boiler. if the load is increased on the turbine generator set of a steam power plant, i learned that the fuel injection to the boiler has to be increased to serve the additional load. so my question is, do we also have to...
6. ### I Is there a procedure for designing some quantum circuits?

In Nielsen's book, the chapter of quantum circuits does not describe explicitly any procedures to design a circuit. For example, given the matrix of Fredkin gate, ##\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1...
7. ### A What procedure do scientists use to get time on a collider/particle accelerator?

Is there some sort of special format of proposal they must put together? Do they need institutional support (from their university, dept. chair, company, etc)? Are there costs involved? Does it depend on the facility? Does anyone know where I can get this sort of information? Thanks in...
8. ### MHB Best procedure to determine Lambda to calculate Poisson probability

What is the best procedure to determine Lambda to calculate the Poisson probability? Say I want to calculate P(X ≥1) of an accident occurring next day. For this I would calculate the average of daily accidents and divide it by 10. The question is, should I take the previous 10 days? Or calculate...
9. ### Experimental procedure for growing piezoelectric crystals

At school I and a handful of other kids are devising an experiment to send up to ISS to test it over a period of 30 days next year. (Yep, we're quite fortunate to have this opportunity!) We've chosen to grow piezoelectric crystals using (super)saturated solution of the piezoelectric crystal...
10. ### Net Ionic Lab Question (the lab procedure)

Homework Statement Homework Equations n/a The Attempt at a Solution I'm kinda confused on the instructions of this net ionic lab. For this lab, I am suppose to find out how several solutions (6 of them) react with each other to form precipitates. We use some systematic way to test these by...
11. ### Medical Diagnostic procedure turned into potential treatment

Hello everyone, I found this article that explains how some sorts of radiation treatments could be controlled with positron-emission tomography (PET). A team of researchers, led by Professor Samuel Achilefu from the Washington University School of Medicine’s departments of radiology and...
12. ### What is present during the following times of the Dumas procedure

From the list below, identiyfy what is present in the flask at each of the following times during the Dumas procedure performed with methanol: Methanol (g) Methanol (l) Methanol (aq) Air (g) Water (l) Water (g) a) After the methanol is added and the flask is covered with foil? b) Just...
13. ### Are open-air distillation and simple distillation the same?

Homework Statement There really is no problem for this. I am just writing my procedure for orgo lab and I haven't don't any distillation before. I tried googling "open-air" distillation to see if it was equivalent to simple distillation, but I can't seem to get a straight answer. Homework...
14. ### Question regarding fusion reaction containment and procedure

Good evening, I am new to this forum and do not have a strong physics background. So if my questions seem woefully inept please respond with a simple laymans answer. I understand that there are 2 basic ideas for fusion containment, and that the main 2 components of any successful fusion...
15. ### Writing a procedure in python

Homework Statement Define a procedure that does the following: From the string of numbers from 1 - 9 it creates a list that contains the numbers that are bigger than the preceding number and adds the smaller ones to a sub-list. Example: string='3057842103' print(numbers_in_list(string))...
16. ### 3 Phase Systems Theory and Procedure -- Determining Average Power

Homework Statement Consider the 3 following Scenarios: 1. 2. rms value of line voltage is 208 V Three equal impedances, 60 +j30 W each, are delta-connected to a 230-V rms, three-phase circuit. Another three equal impedances, 40 +j10 W are wye-connected across the same circuit at the same...
17. ### Physics Lab -- Don't Understand Procedure....

I have a physics lab and the main question is: 'How does the radius of the loops of a solenoid affect the magnetic field produced by the coil?' For my hypothesis, I wrote: "The larger the radius of a solenoid is,the weaker the magnetic field will be." I searched online and found out I was...
18. ### How is Generic Framing Procedure different from OTN?

GFP and OTN, both are encapsulating data traffic of different types (IP, Ethernet etc.) into one frame and the GFP layer lies above the SONET/SDH and OTN layer. So, I am confused about how this works? We encapsulate data in GFP to encapsulate it further in OTN? Whereas SONET/SDH are multiplexing...
19. ### How fast to spin object hanging by thread to break thread

Homework Statement If an object is hanging by a thread, how fast must it be twirled around in order to break the thread? (must also provide explanation of why this is the velocity). As a part of a lab, pick a certain mass. Attach to light string (easily breaks) and pull the string through a...
20. ### Gram Schmidt procedure, trouble finding inner product

Homework Statement Given basis |x>,|y>,|z> such that <x|x> = 2,<y|y> = 2,<z|z> = 3,<x|y> = i, <x|z> = i, and <y|z> = 2. Build an orthonormal basis|x'>,|y'>,|z'>. Each of the new basis vectors should be expressed in terms of the old ones multiplied by coeﬃcients. Homework Equations |x'> =...
21. ### Is my procedure correct to compute this moment of inertia J?

Looking at the image below, we have the function z^2=\frac{r^2}{a} yrevolving about y-axis. We know that y goes from 0 to "a". We also know the mass of the object (of uniform density). Do you think is my procedure correct? Do you get the same result?
22. ### What is the procedure to calculate flow coefficient?

I want to calculate the flow rate from flow coefficient (cv ) ,so i need the testing methodology and procedure .please give an idea to clarify my doubts.
23. ### What is the procedure to study astronomy if i have done B.E?

PLEASE HELP I HAVE COMPLETED BACHELOR IN ELECTRICAL ENGG. AND I HAVE INTEREST IN ASTRONOMY SO, WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE TO STUDY ASTRONOMY IN INDIA AS WELL AS IN ABROAD?
24. ### Help to write a psudoecode (formal) of this procedure.

This is the core idea- https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/complexity-analysis-problem-of-an-algorithm.812931/ I would like to write a formal psudoecode (latex), but as new writer I am having hard time to write, whatever I wrote is not easy to understand, so i would appreciate forum...
25. ### Procedure for an Inclined Plane Lab

Homework Statement Question: A car goes down a ramp, and once it hits the floor it must travel 6 metres and then stop. Create the procedure in order to find the angle that the board must be to make this scenerio possible. You cannot test on both the floor and the board at the same time...
26. ### MHB Allocation Procedure: Analyzing Time Complexity

Hello! (Wave) I am looking at the following exercise. Use a Divide-and-Conquer procedure for the computation of the i greatest element at a row of integers. Analyze the asymptotic time complexity of your algorithm. Hint : Use the allocation procedure.I thought to sort the integers using the...
27. ### Plate fin tube heat exchanger design procedure

Hi anyone have the procedure to design the plate fin tube heat exchanger (air cooler) at defined mass flow rates and inlet / outlet temperatures , or anyone have an software package can be used for this purpose , please can share it with me
28. ### Procedure of preparation of HCl

Homework Statement Knowing that HCl is strong acid we want to prepare HCl solution of pH=4.2.starting from a solution of pH=2.9.Explain briefly the procedure that should be followed to do this operation. Homework Equations pH=-log(H3O+) 3. The Attempt at a Solution [/B] I calculated: At...
29. ### MHB Algorithm for Heap Insertion to Make New Node Rightmost Leaf

Hello and merry Christmas! (Happy) Suppose that we have this heap: Applying this algorithm: HeapInsert(HeapTable A, int size, Key K, Type I) { if (size == N) then error; /* Heap is full */ m = size; while (m > 0 and K < Α[floor((m-1)/2)]->Key) { Α->key =...
30. ### C/C++ [C++] Any suggestions on how to clean up this procedure?

Any ideas on how I can clean up the following? void HtmlParser::parseTag(std::string::const_iterator tagBegin, std::string::const_iterator tagEnd, node & thisNode) { /* tagBegin: pointer to the '<' character that starts the tag tagEnd: pointer to the '>' character that ends the tag...
31. ### MHB It is proper procedure? ....

Recently, for the solution of an integral I assumed, with a bit of optimism in truth, the validity of the following formula ... $\displaystyle \lim_{r \rightarrow r_{0}} \int_{a}^{b} f(r, \theta)\ d \theta = \int_{a}^{b} \lim_{r \rightarrow r_{0}} f(r, \theta)\ d \theta\ (1)$ The question is...
32. ### What are the steps to solve a work problem?

I know there isn't a "set in stone" step by step procedure to solve work problems, but if someone could give me a basic procedure it would be greatly appreaciated. When ever I read a work problem, unless it is a simple "plug in the value" works equation problem, I do not understand how to start...
33. ### Finding Lie-Algebra Invariants -- an Explicit Procedure?

I've found this paper: [physics/9712033] Closed Expressions for Lie Algebra Invariants and Finite Transformations and I've attempted to interpret it. In some representation, a general Lie-algebra element A = aiLi for generators L (repeated dummy indices summed over, like i here). det(I -...
34. ### MHB Procedure to calculate the day of the week for a given date.

To calculate the day of the week for a given date, first of all we need to find out the number of odd days. Today I thought of sharing a beautiful problem I learned in my school, though it is easy, it is tricky too. Odd Days are number of days more than the complete number of weeks in given...
35. ### Spring: K.E. - P.E. relationship; Request shorter procedure

Question:- A block of mass 10 kg moving with a velocity of 1 m/s collides with a spring of force constant 1000 N/m. Calculate the compression of the spring at the moment when kinetic energy of the block is equal to one-fourth of the elastic potential energy of the spring. Attempt:- Step 1...
36. ### Java I want to better write this JavaScript procedure

As you may have figured out, I'm obsessed with spending exorbitant amounts of time making optimizations to my code. Can anyone help me cut down on the number of comparisons in the following text2words function? The intent of the function should be easy to figure out from the comments...
37. ### MOND : Help with fitting procedure

I am looking for pedagogical guides to fitting rotation curves with MOdified Newtonian Gravity. I want to study how to fit the luminosity data as well as the kinematic data. I have studied some published papers on MOND fits(Sanders, Mcgaugh, blok etc). But, they are not sufficiently elaborate...
38. ### Conditionally performing a procedure inside a function

Suppose I have a function that gets called and performs a procedure provided that a certain condition is met. One way to do it is, of course, like the following real example from something I'm working on in JavaScript right now. if (window.File && window.FileReader && window.FileList &&...
39. ### Plankton Sampling Procedure

Homework Statement I have a boat moving at 2.3 mph towing a plankton net in water weighting 8.5lbs. I want the net to be towed at a depth of 10m from the surface. How much rope do I need to let out from the boat? Homework Equations basic trig sin=cos=tan The Attempt at a...
40. ### Which numerical procedure to use

I have a system of linear differential equations with known boundary conditions. First of all what is the general solution to such a system? I know it is exponentials with the eigenvalues, but I couldn't find any place where the exact full solution was stated. Second of all, I want to write a...
41. ### Maple MAPLE - Simple procedure to test primality

This is technically a "homework" type question so I just need a bit of help. I'm just learning maple and writing a very basic procedure. I'm testing primality exhaustively by using the mod function. (Yes, maple has a built in procedure for this, but this is just an exercise). ISPRIME...
42. ### Gram-Schmidt Procedure: Step 2 - Calculating Inner Product

(i just need help with step 2) step 1.) normallize anyone of the given vectors (vector divided by the magnitude) step 2.) |e2> - <e1'|e2>|e1'> where e1' is the normallized e1.so in step 2, <e1'|e2> is the inner product which would yield... the component (a scalar) of |e1'> along |e2>?

Here's what I'm thinking. The sun is too bright to measure directly with our equipment. If I calibrate without a filter, and capture the reference spectrum with and without the filter, then I can model how the filter changes the spectrum. This way I can capture the sun spectrum with the filter...
44. ### Is my expeirmental procedure sound?

Homework Statement Using the apparatus that I've drawn, I have to deteremine the % composition H2O2 in an unknown solution. 2. Relevant information H2O2 (aq) -enzyme-> H2O(l) + O2(g) or 2H2O2 -Enzyme-> 2H2O(l) + O2(g) when balanced The test tube (1) contains H2O2 solution with an...
45. ### X86 assembly procedure prologue help.

Hey all, I was doing a bit of reading and ran into the following code (this is a function prologue for a main function, if you need more code or the actual C code let me know): push ebp mov ebp, esp sub esp, 0x18 and esp, 0xblackf0 mov eax, 0x0 sub esp, eax So I understand the...
46. ### Determine if a test procedure is unbiased

I am asked to determine if a test procedure is unbiased. I have the power function and all of that, but I can't figure out what I need to do to determine if the test is unbiased or not. I am guessing I need to find the expected value of the power function or something, but what is that...
47. ### Renormalization procedure (Peskin and Schroeder)

In Peskin and Schroeder at page 323 second paragraph the author state 'To obtain finite results for an amplitude involving divergent diagrams, we have so far used the following procedure: Compute the diagrams using a regulator to obtain an expression that depends on the bare mass (m0), the...
48. ### Discussion Boehm titration results - Procedure and Calculation?

I'm posting this here because I did not get much help from the Chemistry section. Please read further. Anyone familiar with the Boehm titration procedure and calculations? I've done the titrations based on what I was able to gather from literature and the calculations but the results don't...
49. ### Boehm Titration Procedure?

There is too much difference in literature regarding the procedure for Boehm Titration and my efforts to find the original article which describes the method developed by Boehm himself has not been fruitful. Boehm titration is an acid-base titration method which is used to determine the...
50. ### AC Resonance Experiment: Missed Step in Procedure!

Having carried outan AC Resonance experiment recently, I find that I have missed a simple step in the procedure- or left it out of my lab book - grrr! For a parallel RLC circuit I was asked to observe voltage across the inductor (coil) at a constant current setting. I'm assuming the trace to...