Aberrations at Lens Elements as Unsharp Filter

In summary, the Unsharp Mask creates an image that is less noisy but may not be an accurate representation of the original.
  • #1
I want to learn do aberrations and compensation actions used as unsharp filter for final image ?

I read a Leica paper. There was symmetrical lens Summicron as a subject. I found that at the exit of the lens there were no aberrations without corrected. But when you look inside , some lens elements at the left side highly aberrated and there were lens elements with highly negative aberrations at the right side as an compansating action.

Unsharp masking is to blend a normal picture with its low contrast version to create edge effect and the sharpness. Low contrast version might be separated from the original , based on a color without being member of RGB CMYK separation colors.

Mustafa Umut Sarac
Istanbul
 
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  • #2
What is your question?
 
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  • #3
I am asking is it true or not ?

Thanks,
Umut
 
  • #4
Is what true?
 
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  • #5
OK,I wrote my findings , do lens element aberrations and their compensation act like an unsharp masking filter. Is it true or a dream ?
 
  • #6
Mustafa Umut said:
OK,I wrote my findings , do lens element aberrations and their compensation act like an unsharp masking filter. Is it true or a dream ?

I suppose you could say that the two are similar, but I think it is more accurate to simply say that the lens elements act together to cancel out their individual aberrations and form the sharpest possible image. Unsharp masking then takes that image and attempts to sharpen it even further. I think the key is that unsharp masking acts results in an image that may or may not be an entirely accurate representation of that object, while reducing lens aberrations is always more accurate.
 
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  • #7
I think the Unsharp mask is a non-linear process (do they not include a 'threshold' level in the Unsharp Mask process?). That is not necessarily the same as the aberrations of a lens. Why should the two things be equivalent? It is not necessary that the two operations are the same - all that's necessary is that the subjective effect is to produce a 'better' picture yet minimise the effect on low level noise.
I am only giving an opinion as a user and not a writer of USM algorithms.
 
  • #8
My Astronomical Image Processing book says the following about Convolution by Unsharp Mask:

Unsharp masking is a convolution technique that, at first sight, appears to be something else. It works because the linearity property of convolution allows you to break a kernel into additive component kernels.

Later...

Since convolution is linear, it is legitimate to multiply the values in the image generated by the unity kernel by a contrast factor, c; multiply the unsharp mask image by -(c-1); add the two images; and normalize the image by the sum of the elements in the mask.
 

1. What are aberrations at lens elements?

Aberrations at lens elements refer to imperfections in the shape or alignment of the lens elements in a camera or microscope. These imperfections can cause distortions or blurring in the resulting images.

2. How do aberrations affect image quality?

Aberrations can significantly affect image quality by causing distortions, blurring, or reduction in sharpness and contrast. This can make images appear less clear and reduce the overall clarity of the image.

3. What causes aberrations at lens elements?

Aberrations can be caused by various factors, including the curvature of the lens, the materials used in the lens elements, and the alignment of the elements within the lens. These factors can result in imperfections that affect the way light passes through the lens and is focused onto the image sensor or film.

4. How can aberrations be minimized?

Aberrations can be minimized through careful design and manufacturing of lenses, as well as through the use of corrective elements such as aspherical lenses or special coatings. Regular maintenance and proper storage of lenses can also help prevent the development of aberrations.

5. Can aberrations be corrected in post-processing?

Some aberrations can be corrected in post-processing using software tools such as Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom. However, the extent to which they can be corrected depends on the severity of the aberrations and the capabilities of the software. It is always best to try and minimize aberrations during the image capture process rather than relying on post-processing corrections.

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