# Balloon problem

## Homework Statement

Question: A hot-air balloon is ascending at the rate of 12m/s and is 80m above the ground when a package is dropped over the side.
a.)How long does the package take to reach the ground? b.)With what speed does it hit the ground?

## Homework Equations

I know -- acceleration = -9.8 Initial velocity = 12 m/s and initial height = 80 m.

I know I have to use this formula
Xf = Vo + 1/2 (g) (T)2

Vo = 12 m/s
Xf = 80 m
g = -9.8 m/s2

I set Xf to 0.

How would I find Time?

Thanks

Doc Al
Mentor
I know I have to use this formula
Xf = Vo + 1/2 (g) (T)2
I think you mean:
Xf = Xo + Vo(T) - 1/2 (g) (T)2
where g = 9.8 m/s2
How would I find Time?
Time is the only unknown in the above quadratic equation, so solve for T.

How would I go on about doing that? I cant seem to get T by itself in this equation.

I think you mean:
Xf = Xo + Vo(T) - 1/2 (g) (T)2
where g = 9.8 m/s2

Time is the only unknown in the above quadratic equation, so solve for T.
That user is correct by the way because this is the form you should get. Well, since the object starts 80 m above the ground, x_0 = 80 obviously.

Here is the equation you get:

x_f = 80 + 12t - 4.9t²

How would I go on about doing that? I cant seem to get T by itself in this equation.
It's not impossible to find t. To find t, use the quadratic equation as that user indicates. That is the way to find t. Remember that:

at² + bt + c = 0 OR c + bt + at² = 0

t = (-b ± √(b² - 4ac))/(2a)

OR

t = (-b + √(b² - 4ac))/(2a) or t = (-b - √(b² - 4ac))/(2a)

By letting the corresponding values be the a, b, c variables and then, solving for t, you should get the answer (it must be positive!).