Brake System (Torque and Friction)

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The tires of a 1500 kg car are 0.600 m in diameter and the coefficients of friction with the road surface are µs = 0.800 and µk = 0.600. Suppose the car has a disk brake system. Each wheel is slowed by the frictional force between a single brake pad and the disk-shaped rotor. On this particular car, the brake pad comes into contact with the rotor at an average distance of 18.5 cm from the axis. The coefficients of friction between the brake pad and the disk are µs = 0.588 and µk = 0.490. Calculate the normal force that must be applied to the rotor such that the car slows as quickly as possible.

    2. Relevant equations
    Torque = Fd
    Friction = n* coefficiant

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I'm not very sure which values to use. All I did was find the torque required and find the amount of force to apply

    0.8 * 1500/4 * 9.8 = 0.185 * F * 0.588

    8.11, 1.35 and 7.30 kN are some of the answers that I submitted and are all wrong.
  2. jcsd
  3. tiny-tim

    tiny-tim 26,016
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Hi zewei1988! :smile:

    Hint: you haven't used the radius of the wheel. :wink:
  4. But which friction coefficient should I use? Static or Kinetic?
  5. tiny-tim

    tiny-tim 26,016
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Which do you think? And why? :smile:
  6. kinetic? cos it's moving?
  7. tiny-tim

    tiny-tim 26,016
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    That's the general idea! :smile:

    But there are two friction forces here … is there relative motion in both cases? :wink:
  8. I dun really know.
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