# Calculus Problem

#### iggybaseball

I am having trouble solving this integral:

$$\frac{\1}{(4-z^2)^(3/2)}$$

I know that x = asin(theta)
theta = arcsin (x/a)
d(theta) = 1 / sqrt(4-z^2) dz

but then I get stuck. Could someone give me a hand?

ps there should be a number 1 on top of the fraction and the integral has dz after it respectfully. I couldn't get these two in ( It is the first time I used latex) Thanks

Related Introductory Physics Homework Help News on Phys.org

#### George Jones

Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
Choose z = asin(theta). With regards to your problem, what should you choose a to be? Differentiate z = asin(theta) to find dz = ?

Regards,
George

#### HallsofIvy

Homework Helper
It's the same thing but simpler: let z= 2sin(θ) then dz= 2cos(θ).
$$\frac{1}{(4-z^)^{\frac{3}{2}}}= \frac{1}{8(1- sin^2(\theta))^{\frac{3}{2}}}$$$$= \frac{1}{8 cos^3(\theta)}$$
The integral becomes $$\frac{1}{8}\integral{\frac{d\theta}{cos^2(\theta)}$$.

The way you were doing it works too, of course.
Since $$d\theta= \frac{dz}{\sqrt{((4-z^2)}}$$ and $$\frac{1}{(4-z^2)^{\frac{3}{2}}}= \frac{1}{4-z^2}\frac{1}{\sqrt{4-z^2}}$$, that gives the same thing.

Last edited by a moderator:

### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving