# Circular Motion -- Swinging keys on a string in a vertical circle

1. Nov 13, 2014

### dylanjames

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Assuming the keys are moving in uniform circular motion!!!!!

Keys with a combined mass of 0.100 kg are attached to a 0.25 m long string and swung in a circle in the vertical plane.

a)What is the slowest speed that the keys can swing and still maintain a circular path?

b)What is the tension in the string at the bottom of the circle?

2. Relevant equations
Given: V =10m/s, R=25m, Fc = mv^2/r, Ff = UFn

a) Centripetal Force is Fg, so Fg = MV^2/r
So, mg = mV^2/r
0.1(9.8) = (0.1)(V^2/0.25)
Mass cancels out..
9.8 = V^2/0.25
So, (0.25)(9.8) = V^2
Therefore, V^2 = 2.45, so V = 1.56m/s
The slowest speed the keys can travel and still maintain circular motion is 1.56m/s.

b) b) Fnet = Ft - Fg or Ft = Fnet + Fg (assuming this is uniform circular motion!!)
Ft = mV^2/r + mg
Ft = [ (0.1)(1.56)^2 / 0.25 ] + (0.1)(9.8)
Ft = 0.97N
Therefore, assuming that the keys are moving in uniform circular motion, the Ft at the bottom of the circle is 0.97N.

Ok.. Really having a tough time with this one.
Been looking over it for too long and eyes are gone blurry.. any help is appreciated!!!

2. Nov 13, 2014

### haruspex

Some mistake there, surely.

3. Nov 13, 2014

### Jazz

At the top it has a certain velocity, but you need to think about what happens as it goes downward (following the circular path).

4. Nov 13, 2014

### throneoo

you can't assume uniform circular motion in this case . it gains kinetic energy at the bottom

5. Nov 13, 2014

### haruspex

Judging from the calculations, dylanjames was not really assuming uniform circular motion, merely moving in a circle.

6. Nov 14, 2014

### throneoo

if he wasn't why would he use the result from a) in b) for the keys' velocity at the bottom? I'm a bit confused here .

7. Nov 14, 2014

### haruspex

Sorry, you're right.