Conditional Probability

  • Thread starter Woolyabyss
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Homework Statement


Question 1:
A teacher gave his class two tests where every student passed at least one test. 72% of the class passed passed both tests and 80% of the class passed the second test.
(i)what percentage of those who passed the second test also passed the first?
(ii) what percentage of the class passed the first but failed the second test?

Question 2
A factory has three machines P,Q and R, producing large numbers of a certain item Of the total production, 40% is produced on P, 50% on Q and 10% on R. The records show that 1% of the items produced on P are defective, 2% of items produced on Q are defective and 6% of items of items produced on R are defective The occurrence of a defective item is independent of each machine and all other items.
(i)calculate the probability the item chosen is defective.
(ii) Given that the item chosen is defective, find the probability that it was produced on machine
Q.

Homework Equations



P(A|B) = P(AnB)/P(B)


The Attempt at a Solution



1. (i)

P(F|S) = .72/.8 = .9

(ii)

Since all students pass at least one test.

P(F U S) = 1

1= P(F) + P(S) - P(FnS).......... P(F) = 0.92 all people who passed the first test

P(F) - P(FnS) = 0.2 This is the number who only passed the first test.

According to the answers in my book I got the first part right but the second part wrong.

Question 2
(i)
PD = .4(.01)
QD = .5(.02)
RD = .1(.06)

Adding all three gives .02

(ii)

P(Q|D) = .5(.02)/.5 = .02

According to my book both of these answers are wrong.Any help would be appreciated.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
haruspex
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According to the answers in my book I got the first part right but the second part wrong.
I'd say the book is wrong.
Adding all three gives .02
Looks right to me.
(ii)

P(Q|D) = .5(.02)/.5 = .02
Think again about what you are dividing by here.
 
  • #3
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I'd say the book is wrong.Looks right to me.
Think again about what you are dividing by here.

Would it be P(Q|D) = .5(.02)/.02 = .5 ??
 
  • #4
haruspex
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Would it be P(Q|D) = .5(.02)/.02 = .5 ??

Yes. Do you see how that follows from the equation?
 
  • #5
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Yes. Do you see how that follows from the equation?

Ya, I didnt divide by the probability of q being defective the first time. Thanks
 

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