- #1

AndrewsRT_16

- 2

- 1

- Homework Statement
- c) One of the bestselling items at the stall are gummy worms, so you decide to

perfect the recipe. The ideal gummy will stretch a little as you bite into it, but

not too much. The mold you use produces worms with a length of 0.1m and a

diameter of 0.03m.

You narrow it down to two recipes. In the graph below are the two possible

options you produce when you hang weights from the bottom of your two

most likely gummy worms and measure the extension.

Calculate the Young Modulus of the gummy worms by converting one of the options

into a stress/ strain graph (to be shown with your answers) and the other by using

calculations. Choose which gummy worm you think would be better and explain why.

- Relevant Equations
- Stress = F/A

Strain = Change in length / Original Length

Youngs Modulus = Stress/Strainhttps://www.physicsforums.com/account/

'Gummy 1' = Black Line

'Gummy 2' = Orange Line

Approach:

Using the diameter given and the force measurements on the vertical axis of the graph, I've worked out the cross-sectional area of the mold to be 0.000706858, which I've rounded to 0.00071.

Using this data and the equation Stress = F/A, I've calculated the Stress for each point on the graph 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 0.8.

For strain I've used the initial length (0.1m) noted in the question divided by the extension at each point, I've maintained the measurement in metres for simplicity. the two tables of measurements i've produced for these are as follows:

So from this, I have to calculate Young's modulus for one gummy using a graph and one from just calculations.

This is the part I'm getting confused about, I understand that you use the equation Young's Modulus = Stress/Strain for some point within the linear region of the graph, but how do I choose where, and how do I know that is the correct point, of course, if I had some object where the measured constant of Young's modulus is known I could compare, but to my knowledge, I cant do that in this scenario, I just feel as if I'm guessing.

**My calculations:**

Gummy 1:

I used 0.2 again as it's my first value in my table, another point of confusion for, how do I know that this is within the linear region of the graph? It

Gummy 2 with Graph.

**My conclusion:**

"Choose which gummy worm you think would be better and explain why."

I believe the second choice would be better, as highlighted the ideal gummy should stretch a little but not too much, and the results of the second recipe appear to mirror this. The lower Young's Modulus of the second recipe indicates that the gummy worm will be more flexible and deform easier than the first recipe which has a considerably higher Young's Modulus. The first recipe maintains stress levels between 9000-10000 Pa while the gummy continues to stretch from 0.002m to 0.008m without showing any indication of breaking, this means that this recipe is likely too firm and stretches excessively without breaking adding to the fact that it's not suitable for the stall.

My overall issue is mostly with the calculation of Young's Modulus, I'm not confident in the answers I've provided, I get with other problems I've seen on this topic you typically get materials like steel, in which you can compare your result with a constant but that's not applicable in this case. It seems any point that I choose within the linear region gives me a different value, which just confuses me even more.

Any advice on where I may be going wrong would be much appreciated

Thanks