# Cross product or vector product.

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• prashant singh
In summary, the angle theta in cross product refers to the angle at which two vectors in a given plane coincide with each other to create a perpendicular vector. This is not necessarily the smallest or largest angle, but rather the angle defined by the directions of the vectors. The goal of the cross-product is to determine the signed-area of the parallelogram formed by the vectors and then take the sine of the angle to find a unique perpendicular line in three dimensions.
prashant singh
What does the angle theta acutally means in cross product because I have seen in many places it is written that theta is the angle at which two vector on a given plane will coinside with each other so that there will be only one direction. Is it true and why they defined it in this way , I need more information on this

prashant singh said:
What does the angle theta acutally means in cross product because I have seen in many places it is written that theta is the angle at which two vector on a given plane will coinside with each other so that there will be only one direction. Is it true and why they defined it in this way , I need more information on this
Have you read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product#Geometric_meaning ?

If there are two vector in a given plane and they are not connected tail to tail then what we have to doo. I think now we have to connect the two vectors tail to tail by the smallest angle theta so that we can have a vector perpendicular to both the vectors. Correct me if I am wrong
fresh_42 said:

prashant singh said:
If there are two vector in a given plane and they are not connected tail to tail then what we have to doo. I think now we have to connect the two vectors tail to tail by the smallest angle theta so that we can have a vector perpendicular to both the vectors. Correct me if I am wrong
A vector is a direction and a length. Where you "connect" them depends on what you want to do.
E.g. a force has a direction and an amount. Whether you can use it to pull the chair depends on where you apply the force.
I think you're on the right track. Cancel the word "smallest" and it looks ok. The angle is defined by the directions the vectors point. There is no smallest or biggest. Of course you have to put them tail to tail to determine the angle between them.

prashant singh
In the cross-product, the first goal should be to determine the signed-area of the parallelogram formed by the vectors.
Slide the vectors to have their tails meet, then measure the angle from the first vector to the second vector.
Then you'll take the sine of that angle.
In three dimensions, if this area is nonzero,
there will be a unique line that is perpendicular to that parallelogram.

Thanks brooo , cooool
robphy said:
In the cross-product, the first goal should be to determine the signed-area of the parallelogram formed by the vectors.
Slide the vectors to have their tails meet, then measure the angle from the first vector to the second vector.
Then you'll take the sine of that angle.
In three dimensions, if this area is nonzero,
there will be a unique line that is perpendicular to that parallelogram.

## 1. What is the definition of cross product or vector product?

The cross product, also known as the vector product, is a mathematical operation that combines two vectors to produce a new vector that is perpendicular to both of the original vectors. It is represented by the symbol "×" and is used in various fields of science, including physics, engineering, and computer graphics.

## 2. How is the cross product calculated?

The cross product is calculated by taking the determinant of a 3x3 matrix formed by the two original vectors and the unit vectors of the coordinate system. The resulting vector is equal to the magnitude of the two vectors multiplied by the sine of the angle between them, and its direction is determined by the right-hand rule.

## 3. What is the difference between cross product and dot product?

The cross product and dot product are two different types of vector operations. While the cross product results in a new vector, the dot product results in a scalar value. Additionally, the cross product is only applicable to 3-dimensional vectors, while the dot product can be calculated for any number of dimensions.

## 4. What are the applications of cross product in science?

The cross product has many applications in science, including calculating torque in physics, determining magnetic field strength in electromagnetism, and computing normal vectors in 3D graphics. It is also used in vector calculus and differential geometry to solve various problems.

## 5. Can the cross product be used for non-planar vectors?

No, the cross product can only be calculated for two vectors that lie in the same plane. If the two vectors are non-planar, their cross product will be a zero vector. In such cases, the dot product can be used to find the angle between the two vectors instead.

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