Derivatives of Trig functions

  • #1
PrudensOptimus
641
0
I didn't understand how they arrived at this step:

lim as x -> 0 { 3 cos 3x (dy/dx) - 3 sin 3x (dy/dx)}

from

lim as x -> 0 { cos 3x (dy/dx) - sin3x (dy/dx) }

can some one explain pls?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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970
I doubt that anyone can explain how one step follows from the other because you haven't shown the whole steps.

I assume what you have says that "lim as x -> 0 { 3 cos 3x (dy/dx) - 3 sin 3x (dy/dx)}" EQUALS something and that that follows from the fact that "lim as x -> 0 { cos 3x (dy/dx) - sin3x (dy/dx) }" equals something else. Unfortunately, you haven't told us what they equal.

Since the only difference between the two that I can see is that the first above is multiplied by 3, I would suspect that

"lim as x -> 0 { 3cos 3x (dy/dx) - 3sin3x (dy/dx) }= 3L"

follows from
"lim as x -> 0 { cos 3x (dy/dx) - sin3x (dy/dx) }= L" by multiplying the equation by 3. But of course, I can't be sure.
 
  • #3
PrudensOptimus
641
0
they equal to -3 sin3x.

I was just wondering how did they get cos3x to be 3 cos 3x, sin 3x to be 3 sin 3x...
 
  • #4
gnome
1,037
1
Please tell us exactly what it is that you (or "they") are trying to prove -- not just this one step, but the overall context.

And, what is the entire expression or equation you are starting out with?
 
  • #5
HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
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No, they DON'T "equal to -3 sin3x." They can't because each has a
"lim as x->0". Once again, I can't say precisely what happened because you still haven't given us the whole thing but the obvious way to "get cos3x to be 3 cos 3x, sin 3x to be 3 sin 3x" is to multiply by 3!
 
  • #6
ecestud
1
0
they equal to -3 sin3x.

I was just wondering how did they get cos3x to be 3 cos 3x, sin 3x to be 3 sin 3x...

To get that by getting the derivative of 3x which is 3 then copy cos3x and you will get
"3 cos 3x" same as "sin 3x to be 3 sin 3x". Not equal to -3 sin3x.
 
Last edited:
  • #7
stakehoagy
29
0
if i understand what you mean, they just used the chain rule for derivatives.
 

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