I was given a christmas present and i have now begun making it and ive run into a problem, does the colour code on diodes relate to where and what direction that they need to be soldered into? please respond
Diodes are polarity sensitive devices. So the direction they are soldered matters. Usually a color band, dot, or color code bands identifies the cathode (negative). When you solder your diode make sure that you have the cathode pointing to the (more) negative terminal of your power source.
The color bands mean the diode type: example 139 semiconductor diode.
there is always a silver ring on each pn junction diode on one side,
the side having the silver ring is always negative or you can say that this is N-side
and the other side is P-side.
This explanation is only for normal pn junction diodes. There are many more kind of diodes
having different indications for p and n type.
diode is always connected in forward bias, in reverse bias diode act as an open switch.
I hope you are satisfied with my answer.
Using a portable DMM (ohmmeter) you could test which side is your cathode versus anode. This would be useful if the markings on the diode are ambiguous or you want to double check yourself. Here is a reference, showing how to do this.
there is such a concept as diode biasing. forward bias means the positive end of the diode is connected to the positive end of the voltage/current source. in forward bias, current flows. while the reverse bias is the opposite. placing them depending on what bias you need is important.