# Electric field strength before reaching the state of electrostatic equilibrium

• hectoryx
Your Name] In summary, the electric field near the right side of non-perfect conductor B will gradually increase before reaching its maximum value as induced charges continue to move towards the left side. This occurs before B reaches electrostatic equilibrium, which takes some time known as the relaxation time.
hectoryx

## Homework Statement

In such a picture,
http://i1021.photobucket.com/albums/af335/hectoryx/electrostaticequilibrium_1.jpg
Induced charges will emergence on the left and right side of non-perfect conductor B, because the effect of the electric field of conductor A.
As is known to all, when non-perfect conductor B is placed into the electric field of conductor A, it needs a time to reach the state of electrostatic equilibrium. We call it relaxation time.
My question is what the electric field strength near the right side of B is, and what its changing trend is, before B reaches the state of electrostatic equilibrium.

## The Attempt at a Solution

In my opinion, the electric field strength near the right side of B will increase gradually. When it reaches the state of electrostatic equilibrium, the electric field strength reaches its maximum value. Am I right?

Regards.

Hector

Dear Hector,

Thank you for your question. I would like to provide some insight into the behavior of the electric field near the right side of non-perfect conductor B before it reaches electrostatic equilibrium.

Firstly, it is important to understand that the electric field is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction. In the picture provided, the electric field lines are shown in the direction of the field, which is from the positive to the negative charge.

When non-perfect conductor B is placed in the electric field of conductor A, the charges on B will rearrange themselves to reach electrostatic equilibrium. This means that the induced charges on the left and right side of B will continue to move until the net electric field inside B is zero. This process takes some time, known as the relaxation time.

During this time, the electric field near the right side of B will indeed increase gradually. This is because the induced charges on the right side are still moving towards the left side, creating a stronger electric field in that direction. As the charges continue to move, the electric field will reach its maximum value before eventually decreasing as the charges reach their final positions.

So to answer your question, yes, you are correct in your understanding that the electric field strength near the right side of B will increase gradually and reach its maximum value before B reaches electrostatic equilibrium.

I hope this helps clarify your question. If you have any further inquiries, please do not hesitate to ask.

## 1. What is electric field strength?

Electric field strength is a measure of the force exerted on a charged particle within an electric field. It is represented by the symbol E and is measured in units of volts per meter (V/m).

## 2. How is electric field strength related to electrostatic equilibrium?

In order for an electric field to reach a state of electrostatic equilibrium, the electric field strength must be constant throughout the entire region. This means that the force on a charged particle must be balanced, resulting in no net movement of the particles.

## 3. What factors affect the electric field strength before reaching electrostatic equilibrium?

The electric field strength is affected by the magnitude and distribution of charges within the field, as well as the distance between the charges and the medium in which they are located.

## 4. How is electric field strength calculated?

The electric field strength at a particular point is calculated by dividing the force on a test charge by the magnitude of the charge itself. This can be represented by the equation E = F/q, where E is the electric field strength, F is the force, and q is the charge.

## 5. Why is it important to understand electric field strength before reaching electrostatic equilibrium?

Understanding electric field strength is important because it helps us to understand the behavior of charged particles in an electric field. It also allows us to predict the movement of these particles and ensure that the electric field is stable and in a state of equilibrium.

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