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Energy in a vertical spring mass system

  1. Nov 16, 2008 #1

    S.A

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    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I am doing a lab in which we are to show that the energy in a spring mass system is constant throughout the oscillations.


    2. Relevant equations
    I set y initial = 0 to be the point where the spring was in equilibrium when the mass was attached to it. At any given point the I believe the energy should be
    [tex]E_t=\frac{1}{2}Mv^2 + \frac{1}{2}ky^2 + Mgy[/tex]
    Where y is the displacement from the equilibrium position and y+ isup


    3. The attempt at a solution
    The problem I'm having is that at the top of its oscillation all 3 of the energies are positive.
    On the bottom both kinetic and potential energy should be the same since both the values are square keeping them positive. However the potential energy is negative at the bottom since the displacement in negative.
    So I get
    [tex]E_{top}=\frac{1}{2}Mv^2 + \frac{1}{2}ky^2 + Mgy[/tex]
    [tex]E_{bottom}=\frac{1}{2}Mv^2 + \frac{1}{2}ky^2 - Mgy[/tex]
    Which makes it seem that energy is not conserved since [tex]E_{top}\ne E_{bottom}[/tex]

    Can anyone point me to what I am missing here?

    Thanks
     
    Last edited: Nov 16, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 16, 2008 #2

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    Realize that spring PE = ½kx², where x is the amount of stretch. The stretch is not zero at the equilibrium point, so ½ky² is not the spring energy.
     
  4. Nov 16, 2008 #3

    S.A

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    Oh I see it now. Thanks for the help :)
     
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