Find all solutions?

Math10

Homework Statement

Find all solutions of xy'=2-x+(2x-2)y-xy^2.

None.

The Attempt at a Solution

The answer in the book is y=1-1/(x(1-cx)).
Here's my work:
xy'=2-x+2xy-2y-xy^2
xy'=(xy^2-2xy+x)+2(1-y)
xy'=x(y-1)^2-2(y-1)
y'=(y-1)^2-2(y-1)/x
u=y-1
u'=y'
u'=u^2-2u/x

Mentor

Homework Statement

Find all solutions of xy'=2-x+(2x-2)y-xy^2.

None.

The Attempt at a Solution

The answer in the book is y=1-1/(x(1-cx)).
Here's my work:
xy'=2-x+2xy-2y-xy^2
xy'=(xy^2-2xy+x)+2(1-y)
You lost a minus sign. In the equation before the one above, you have -xy2 that became xy2.
Math10 said:
xy'=x(y-1)^2-2(y-1)
y'=(y-1)^2-2(y-1)/x
u=y-1
u'=y'
u'=u^2-2u/x
I don't have any more suggestions at the moment, but I'll take a closer look in a little while.

BTW, there is no such word in English as "stucked."

Homework Helper

Homework Statement

Find all solutions of xy'=2-x+(2x-2)y-xy^2.

None.

The Attempt at a Solution

The answer in the book is y=1-1/(x(1-cx)).
Here's my work:
xy'=2-x+2xy-2y-xy^2
xy'=(xy^2-2xy+x)+2(1-y)
You lost more than just the negative on "$-xy^2$"! You should have
$$xy'= -(xy^2- 2yx+ x)+ 2(1- y)$$

xy'=x(y-1)^2-2(y-1)
y'=(y-1)^2-2(y-1)/x
u=y-1
u'=y'
u'=u^2-2u/x

Mentor
Math10,
After you fix your algebra errors, with your substitution you should have an equation in x, u, and u'. Try the substitution w = ux. That should get you a new DE that is separable.

Math10
Let me try.

Math10
Here's my work:

xy'=2-x+2xy-2y-xy^2
xy'=-(xy^2-2xy+x)+2(1-y)
xy'=-x(y-1)^2-2(y-1)
y'=-(y-1)^2-2(y-1)/x
u=y-1
u'=y'
u'=-u^2-2u/x
w=ux
u=w/x
u'=w'
w'=-(w^2/x^2)-(2w/x)(1/x)
w'=-w^2/x^2-2w/x^2
w'=(-w^2-2w)/x^2
dw/(-w^2-2w)=dx/x^2
dw/(-w(w+2))=dx/x^2
A/-w+B/(w+2)=1
A(w+2)-Bw=1
A=1/2, B=1/2
(-1/2)ln abs(w)+(1/2)ln abs(w+2)=-1/x+C
(-1/2)(ln abs(w)-ln abs(w+2))=-1/x+C
ln abs(w/(w+2))=2/x+C
w/(w+2)=Ce^(2/x)
w=Ce^(2/x)(w+2)
w=wCe^(2/x)+2Ce^(2/x)
w-wCe^(2/x)=2Ce^(2/x)
w(1-Ce^(2/x))=2Ce^(2/x)
w=2Ce^(2/x)/(1-Ce^(2/x))
u=2Ce^(2/x)/(x(1-Ce^(2/x)))
y=1+2Ce^(2/x)/(x(1-Ce^(2/x)))
This doesn't match the answer in my book. Please check my work carefully and tell me where I got wrong if I'm incorrect.

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2022 Award
u=w/x
u'=w'
You didn't mean that, right?

Math10
So where did I make a mistake? What's wrong?

Mentor
u=w/x
u'=w'
haruspex said:
You didn't mean that, right?
So where did I make a mistake? What's wrong?
You're treating x as if it were a constant - it's not. Instead of working with the equation, use the equivalent equation w = vx. Now, what is w'? What differentiation rule should come to mind?

Math10
Let me try.

Math10
I see how I got it wrong.
So with the substitution w=ux,
u=w/x
u'=(xw'-wx')/x^2
(xw'-wx')/x^2=-(w^2/x^2)-(2w/x)(1/x)
(xw'-wx')/x^2=(-w^2-2w)/x^2
Now what should I do?

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2022 Award
I see how I got it wrong.
So with the substitution w=ux,
u=w/x
u'=(xw'-wx')/x^2
and x' equals what?
(xw'-wx')/x^2=(-w^2-2w)/x^2
Now what should I do?
There is a fairly obvious cancellation.

Math10
So I got
xw'-wx'=-w^2-2w
wx'=xw'+w^2+2w
x'=(xw'+w^2+2w)/w
x'=w'/u+w+2
Now what?

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2022 Award
So I got
xw'-wx'=-w^2-2w
I ask again, what is x' equal to? Think about what it means.
x'=w'/u+w+2
There's no point in reintroducing u.

Math10
x'=w'x/w+w+2
Isn't it?

Mentor
I see how I got it wrong.
So with the substitution w=ux,
Why did you make it harder on yourself by solving for u again? It's a lot simpler to differentiate the equation above than the one you have below.

And think about what you're doing. You're differentiating with respect to which variable?
Math10 said:
u=w/x
u'=(xw'-wx')/x^2
(xw'-wx')/x^2=-(w^2/x^2)-(2w/x)(1/x)
(xw'-wx')/x^2=(-w^2-2w)/x^2
Now what should I do?

Mentor
x'=w'x/w+w+2
Isn't it?
No.
What does x' mean?

Homework Helper
The assumption for the beginning was that y was a function of x.
y'=dy/dx.

Math10
So w'=ux'+xu' and what do I do next?

Mentor
So w'=ux'+xu' and what do I do next?
What is x'?

By that, I mean what does x' mean?

Mentor
Here's my work:

xy'=2-x+2xy-2y-xy^2
xy'=-(xy^2-2xy+x)+2(1-y)
xy'=-x(y-1)^2-2(y-1)
y'=-(y-1)^2-2(y-1)/x
u=y-1
u'=y'
u'=-u^2-2u/x
w=ux
u=w/x
u'=w'
w'=-(w^2/x^2)-(2w/x)(1/x)
w'=-w^2/x^2-2w/x^2
w'=(-w^2-2w)/x^2
dw/(-w^2-2w)=dx/x^2
dw/(-w(w+2))=dx/x^2
A/-w+B/(w+2)=1
A(w+2)-Bw=1
A=1/2, B=1/2
(-1/2)ln abs(w)+(1/2)ln abs(w+2)=-1/x+C
(-1/2)(ln abs(w)-ln abs(w+2))=-1/x+C
ln abs(w/(w+2))=2/x+C
w/(w+2)=Ce^(2/x)
w=Ce^(2/x)(w+2)
w=wCe^(2/x)+2Ce^(2/x)
w-wCe^(2/x)=2Ce^(2/x)
w(1-Ce^(2/x))=2Ce^(2/x)
w=2Ce^(2/x)/(1-Ce^(2/x))
u=2Ce^(2/x)/(x(1-Ce^(2/x)))
y=1+2Ce^(2/x)/(x(1-Ce^(2/x)))
This doesn't match the answer in my book. Please check my work carefully and tell me where I got wrong if I'm incorrect.
Your work above is what we call a "wall of text." I don't see a single space anywhere in your equations. This makes it much more difficult to understand what you have written. You can make things more readable by inserting spaces around addition and subtraction operations, and around '='.