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[itex]\sum[/itex] from k = 1 to ∞ of 1 / k(k+3),

now the solution they provided was:

= 1/3 [ (1 - 1/4) + (1/2 - 1/5) + ...+ (1/n - 1/(n+3) ]

=1/3 [ 1+ 1/2+1/3 -1/(n+1) - 1/(n+2) - 1/(n+3)]

--> 11/18

I'm stuck on how they were able to show the sum telescoping and why they were able to factor out the 1/3. Also how are you suppose to solve these sorts of questions?