# Frequency Response Between 100Hz and 100kHz

• Engineering
• IronaSona
In summary: That's strange. Why should you have to do an exercise like this if you don't ?It's not really required, but I thought it would be helpful for me in the future. I was really stuck about it too.
IronaSona
Homework Statement
.
Relevant Equations
1/1+2piefCR
So am trying to find the Frequency response of a RC LPF between frequencies 100Hz-100kHz ,but i don't know what formula to use .

I don't think you mean $$1+2\pi f CR$$ as you did write, instead of $$1\over 1+2\pi f CR$$
but I could be mistaken.

Frequency response is ##V_{out}/V_{in} ## with a sine ##V_{in}##. Low pass means you are referring to a circuit like here

and the same recommendations apply.

(edit: the link was lost when I went off the page)

##\ ##

Last edited:
BvU said:
I don't think you mean $$1+2\pi f CR$$ as you did wwrite, but I could be mistaken.

Frequency response is ##V_{out}/V_{in} ## with a sine ##V_{in}##. Low pass means you are referring to a circuit like here

and the same recommendations apply.

##\ ##
Trying to find the frequency response of this circuit

Write the KCL equation for the voltage ##V_o(t)## in terms of ##V_i(t)## and R and C. Do you know the differential equation relating current and voltage for a capacitor?

Joshy
berkeman said:
Write the KCL equation for the voltage ##V_o(t)## in terms of ##V_i(t)## and R and C. Do you know the differential equation relating current and voltage for a capacitor?
no, got no idea

Sometimes it's hard answering these questions because I have no idea at what level an answer is expected. Essentially the question relates to plotting the magnitude of the transfer function for a simple passive low pass filter. Typically this is done on a logarithmic scale but that wasn't specified. Also it is common to actually plot angular frequency w = 2*pi*f rather than f alone as the independent variable. The transfer function itself is a complex number with both magnitude and phase. In this case it is 1/(1 + 2*pi*f*R*C*j) (as I think you suggested) where j = (-1)^1/2. The magnitude of this transfer function is thus H =1/sqrt(1 + (2*pi*f*R*C)^2). If you like you can can make a simple linear plot of this of magnitude vs f or a typical bode plot of 20*log10(H) vs log10(w).

Toky, IronaSona and DaveE
IronaSona said:
Trying to find the frequency response of this circuit View attachment 285733
Guessed as much. Holler if you don't recognize the equations in the link I gave in #2.
Can you work with complex numbers ?
IronaSona said:
no, got no idea
That's strange. Why should you have to do an exercise like this if you don't ?
From where did you (wrongly) quote your relevant equation ?

I would do as berkeman said and use KCL. What's the show stopper for you? I'll help you setup the problem and show you an example. To do the plot you'll want to learn about Bode plots.

In case you may be worried about the "direction" of the current arrows: I showed someone in another thread my approach on KCL and how the direction doesn't really matter. I hope it might be helpful for you when you use KCL in the future because I remember feeling very stuck about it too.

edit:

Hey! If you try the problem out may you please scan it or take a picture and share with us your work? Homework section requires you show work. Advice is above is pretty good so far, but we're pushing it with their rules you really ought to give us more of your work even if you come to the wrong conclusion. If we see your work, then it helps us point to us where things do not look right and that will help you for the exams ;)

Last edited:
Delta2
Seriously no need to invoke KCL. This is a simple voltage division problem. I'm sure that you know that if you have a voltage source in series with 2 resistors R and R2 that the voltage drop across R2 (your output voltage) is simply

Vin*R2/(R + R2)

In this case "R2" is the complex impedance of the capacitor namely 1/(j*2*pi*f*C). As you know you can use simple DC techniques to solve steady state sinusoidal problems merely by using complex impedances. Multiplying this out and dividing by Vin on both sides will give you the transfer function representing the ratio of Vout to Vin. Since you are plotting a thousand fold range in frequencies it would be wise to use a log scale. I suspect that you know all of this as you posted a correct version of the transfer function initially absent the factor "j" in the denominator and the disambiguating parenthesis which I assume was simply a typo.

IronaSona said:
no, got no idea
And it seems to me you are not interested either?

## What is frequency response?

Frequency response refers to the range of frequencies that a system or device can accurately reproduce or process. It is typically measured in Hertz (Hz) and is important in understanding the performance of audio and electronic systems.

## Why is the frequency range between 100Hz and 100kHz important?

This frequency range is important because it encompasses the majority of audible frequencies for humans, ranging from the low bass notes at 100Hz to the high treble notes at 100kHz. Many audio devices and systems are designed to accurately reproduce frequencies within this range.

## What factors can affect frequency response?

There are several factors that can affect frequency response, including the design and quality of the system or device, external noise and interference, and the materials used in construction. Additionally, the frequency response can vary depending on the volume or power level being used.

## How is frequency response measured?

Frequency response is typically measured using a device called a frequency analyzer, which sends a range of frequencies through the system and measures the output. The resulting graph, known as a frequency response curve, shows the system's ability to accurately reproduce different frequencies.

## What is a flat frequency response?

A flat frequency response means that the system or device is able to accurately reproduce all frequencies within a given range with equal loudness or amplitude. This is often considered the ideal frequency response for audio systems, as it ensures a balanced and natural sound.

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